1.3. The Exchange RESTful API

The API specified here follows the general conventions for all details not specified in the individual requests. The glossary defines all specific terms used in this section.

1.3.1. Terms of service API

These APIs allow clients to obtain the terms of service and the privacy policy of a service.

GET /terms

Get the terms of service of the service. The endpoint will consider the “Accept” and “Accept-Language” and “Accept-Encoding” headers when generating a response. Specifically, it will try to find a response with an acceptable mime-type, then pick the version in the most preferred language of the user, and finally apply compression if that is allowed by the client and deemed beneficial.

The endpoint will set an “Etag”, and subsequent requests of the same client should provide the tag in an “If-None-Match” header to detect if the terms of service have changed. If not, a “304 Not Modified” response will be returned. Note that the “304 Not Modified” will also be returned if the client changed the “Accept-Language” or “Accept-Encoding” header. Thus, if the client would like to download the resource in a different language or format, the “If-None-Match” header must be omitted.

If the “Etag” is missing, the client should not cache the response and instead prompt the user again at the next opportunity. This is usually only the case if the terms of service were not configured correctly.

The “Etag” is generated from the first 256 bits of the SHA-512 hash over the terms and encoded in Crockford base-32. However, this behavior is not normative and clients MUST NOT rely on it.

A “Taler-Terms-Version” header is generated to indicate the legal version of the terms. This header will change whenever something legally changed in the terms of service and the user must review and accept the terms of service again. If the “Taler-Terms-Version” is identical to one that the user has already accepted, there is no need for the user to review the terms again.

When returning a full response (not a “304 Not Modified”), the server should also include a “Avail-Languages” header which includes a comma-separated list of the languages in which the terms of service are available in (see availability hints specification). Clients can use this to generate a language switcher for users that may not have expressed a proper language preference.

Response:

200 OK:

The body is the terms of service in the requested encoding and language.

501 Not Implemented:

The exchange lacks a valid terms of service configuration. A human-readable error message is returned. Wallets should not require the human to accept any terms of service (and do not need to show this message).

GET /privacy

Get the privacy policy of the service. Behaves the same way as The “/terms” endpoint, except that it returns the privacy policy instead of the terms of service.

Response:

200 OK:

The body is the privacy policy in the requested encoding and language.

501 Not Implemented:

The exchange lacks a valid terms of service configuration. A human-readable error message is returned. Wallets should not require the human to accept any terms of service (and do not need to show this message).

1.3.2. Exchange status information

This API is used by wallets and merchants to obtain global information about the exchange, such as online signing keys, available denominations and the fee structure. This is typically the first call any exchange client makes, as it returns information required to process all of the other interactions with the exchange. The returned information is secured by (1) signature(s) from the exchange, especially the long-term offline signing key of the exchange, which clients should cache; (2) signature(s) from auditors, and the auditor keys should be hard-coded into the wallet as they are the trust anchors for Taler; (3) possibly by using HTTPS.

GET /seed

Return an entropy seed. The exchange will return a high-entropy value that will differ for every call. The response is NOT in JSON, but simply high-entropy binary data in the HTTP body. This API should be used by wallets to guard themselves against running on low-entropy (bad PRNG) hardware. Naturally, the entropy returned MUST be mixed with locally generated entropy.

GET /config

Return the protocol version and currency supported by this exchange backend, as well as the list of possible KYC requirements. This endpoint is largely for the SPA for AML officers. Merchants should use /keys which also contains the protocol version and currency. This specification corresponds to current protocol being v20.

Response:

200 OK:

The body is a VersionResponse.

interface ExchangeVersionResponse {
  // libtool-style representation of the Exchange protocol version, see
  // https://www.gnu.org/software/libtool/manual/html_node/Versioning.html#Versioning
  // The format is "current:revision:age".
  version: string;

  // Name of the protocol.
  name: "taler-exchange";

  // URN of the implementation (needed to interpret 'revision' in version).
  // @since **v18**, may become mandatory in the future.
  implementation?: string;

  // Currency supported by this exchange, given
  // as a currency code ("USD" or "EUR").
  currency: string;

  // How wallets should render this currency.
  currency_specification: CurrencySpecification;

  // Names of supported KYC requirements.
  supported_kyc_requirements: string[];

}
interface CurrencySpecification {
  // Name of the currency. Like "US Dollar".
  name: string;

  // Code of the currency.
  // Deprecated in protocol **v18** for the exchange
  // and in protocol **v6** for the merchant.
  currency: string;

  // how many digits the user may enter after the decimal_separator
  num_fractional_input_digits: Integer;

  // Number of fractional digits to render in normal font and size.
  num_fractional_normal_digits: Integer;

  // Number of fractional digits to render always, if needed by
  // padding with zeros.
  num_fractional_trailing_zero_digits: Integer;

  // map of powers of 10 to alternative currency names / symbols, must
  // always have an entry under "0" that defines the base name,
  // e.g.  "0 => €" or "3 => k€". For BTC, would be "0 => BTC, -3 => mBTC".
  // Communicates the currency symbol to be used.
  alt_unit_names: { log10 : string };
}
GET /keys

Get a list of all denomination keys offered by the exchange, as well as the exchange’s current online signing key.

Request:

Query Parameters:
  • last_issue_date – Optional argument specifying the maximum value of any of the stamp_start members of the denomination keys of a /keys response that is already known to the client. Allows the exchange to only return keys that have changed since that timestamp. The given value must be an unsigned 64-bit integer representing seconds after 1970. If the timestamp does not exactly match the stamp_start of one of the denomination keys, all keys are returned.

Response:

200 OK:

The exchange responds with a ExchangeKeysResponse object. This request should virtually always be successful. It only fails if the exchange is misconfigured or has not yet been provisioned with key signatures via taler-exchange-offline.

Details:

interface ExchangeKeysResponse {
  // libtool-style representation of the Exchange protocol version, see
  // https://www.gnu.org/software/libtool/manual/html_node/Versioning.html#Versioning
  // The format is "current:revision:age".
  version: string;

  // The exchange's base URL.
  base_url: string;

  // The exchange's currency or asset unit.
  currency: string;

  // How wallets should render this currency.
  currency_specification: CurrencySpecification;

  // Absolute cost offset for the STEFAN curve used
  // to (over) approximate fees payable by amount.
  stefan_abs: Amount;

  // Factor to multiply the logarithm of the amount
  // with to (over) approximate fees payable by amount.
  // Note that the total to be paid is first to be
  // divided by the smallest denomination to obtain
  // the value that the logarithm is to be taken of.
  stefan_log: Amount;

  // Linear cost factor for the STEFAN curve used
  // to (over) approximate fees payable by amount.
  //
  // Note that this is a scalar, as it is multiplied
  // with the actual amount.
  stefan_lin: Float;

  // Type of the asset. "fiat", "crypto", "regional"
  // or "stock".  Wallets should adjust their UI/UX
  // based on this value.
  asset_type: string;

  // Array of wire accounts operated by the exchange for
  // incoming wire transfers.
  accounts: WireAccount[];

  // Object mapping names of wire methods (i.e. "iban" or "x-taler-bank")
  // to wire fees.
  wire_fees: { method : AggregateTransferFee[] };

  // List of exchanges that this exchange is partnering
  // with to enable wallet-to-wallet transfers.
  wads: ExchangePartnerListEntry[];

  // Set to true if this exchange allows the use
  // of reserves for rewards.
  // @deprecated in protocol **v18**.
  rewards_allowed: false;

  // EdDSA master public key of the exchange, used to sign entries
  // in denoms and signkeys.
  master_public_key: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Relative duration until inactive reserves are closed;
  // not signed (!), can change without notice.
  reserve_closing_delay: RelativeTime;

  // Threshold amounts beyond which wallet should
  // trigger the KYC process of the issuing
  // exchange.  Optional option, if not given there is no limit.
  // Currency must match currency.
  wallet_balance_limit_without_kyc?: Amount[];

  // Denominations offered by this exchange
  denominations: DenomGroup[];

  // Compact EdDSA signature (binary-only) over the
  // contatentation of all of the master_sigs (in reverse
  // chronological order by group) in the arrays under
  // "denominations".  Signature of TALER_ExchangeKeySetPS
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Public EdDSA key of the exchange that was used to generate the signature.
  // Should match one of the exchange's signing keys from signkeys.  It is given
  // explicitly as the client might otherwise be confused by clock skew as to
  // which signing key was used for the exchange_sig.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Denominations for which the exchange currently offers/requests recoup.
  recoup: Recoup[];

  // Array of globally applicable fees by time range.
  global_fees: GlobalFees[];

  // The date when the denomination keys were last updated.
  list_issue_date: Timestamp;

  // Auditors of the exchange.
  auditors: AuditorKeys[];

  // The exchange's signing keys.
  signkeys: SignKey[];

  // Optional field with a dictionary of (name, object) pairs defining the
  // supported and enabled extensions, such as age_restriction.
  extensions?: { name: ExtensionManifest };

  // Signature by the exchange master key of the SHA-256 hash of the
  // normalized JSON-object of field extensions, if it was set.
  // The signature has purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_EXTENSIONS.
  extensions_sig?: EddsaSignature;

}

The specification for the account object is:

interface WireAccount {
  // payto:// URI identifying the account and wire method
  payto_uri: string;

  // URI to convert amounts from or to the currency used by
  // this wire account of the exchange. Missing if no
  // conversion is applicable.
  conversion_url?: string;

  // Restrictions that apply to bank accounts that would send
  // funds to the exchange (crediting this exchange bank account).
  // Optional, empty array for unrestricted.
  credit_restrictions: AccountRestriction[];

  // Restrictions that apply to bank accounts that would receive
  // funds from the exchange (debiting this exchange bank account).
  // Optional, empty array for unrestricted.
  debit_restrictions: AccountRestriction[];

  // Signature using the exchange's offline key over
  // a TALER_MasterWireDetailsPS
  // with purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_WIRE_DETAILS.
  master_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Display label wallets should use to show this
  // bank account.
  // Since protocol **v19**.
  bank_label?: string;

  // *Signed* integer with the display priority for
  // this bank account. Optional, 0 if missing.
  // Since protocol **v19**.
  priority?: Integer;

}
type AccountRestriction =
  | RegexAccountRestriction
  | DenyAllAccountRestriction
// Account restriction that disables this type of
// account for the indicated operation categorically.
interface DenyAllAccountRestriction {

  type: "deny";
}
// Accounts interacting with this type of account
// restriction must have a payto://-URI matching
// the given regex.
interface RegexAccountRestriction {

  type: "regex";

  // Regular expression that the payto://-URI of the
  // partner account must follow.  The regular expression
  // should follow posix-egrep, but without support for character
  // classes, GNU extensions, back-references or intervals. See
  // https://www.gnu.org/software/findutils/manual/html_node/find_html/posix_002degrep-regular-expression-syntax.html
  // for a description of the posix-egrep syntax. Applications
  // may support regexes with additional features, but exchanges
  // must not use such regexes.
  payto_regex: string;

  // Hint for a human to understand the restriction
  // (that is hopefully easier to comprehend than the regex itself).
  human_hint: string;

  // Map from IETF BCP 47 language tags to localized
  // human hints.
  human_hint_i18n?: { [lang_tag: string]: string };

}
interface GlobalFees {

  // What date (inclusive) does these fees go into effect?
  start_date: Timestamp;

  // What date (exclusive) does this fees stop going into effect?
  end_date: Timestamp;

  // Account history fee, charged when a user wants to
  // obtain a reserve/account history.
  history_fee: Amount;

  // Annual fee charged for having an open account at the
  // exchange.  Charged to the account.  If the account
  // balance is insufficient to cover this fee, the account
  // is automatically deleted/closed. (Note that the exchange
  // will keep the account history around for longer for
  // regulatory reasons.)
  account_fee: Amount;

  // Purse fee, charged only if a purse is abandoned
  // and was not covered by the account limit.
  purse_fee: Amount;

  // How long will the exchange preserve the account history?
  // After an account was deleted/closed, the exchange will
  // retain the account history for legal reasons until this time.
  history_expiration: RelativeTime;

  // Non-negative number of concurrent purses that any
  // account holder is allowed to create without having
  // to pay the purse_fee.
  purse_account_limit: Integer;

  // How long does an exchange keep a purse around after a purse
  // has expired (or been successfully merged)?  A 'GET' request
  // for a purse will succeed until the purse expiration time
  // plus this value.
  purse_timeout: RelativeTime;

  // Signature of TALER_GlobalFeesPS.
  master_sig: EddsaSignature;

}
// Binary representation of the age groups.
// The bits set in the mask mark the edges at the beginning of a next age
// group.  F.e. for the age groups
//     0-7, 8-9, 10-11, 12-13, 14-15, 16-17, 18-21, 21-*
// the following bits are set:
//
//   31     24        16        8         0
//   |      |         |         |         |
//   oooooooo  oo1oo1o1  o1o1o1o1  ooooooo1
//
// A value of 0 means that the exchange does not support the extension for
// age-restriction.
type AgeMask = Integer;
interface DenomGroupRsa extends DenomGroupCommon {
  cipher: "RSA";

  denoms: ({
    rsa_pub: RsaPublicKey;
  } & DenomCommon)[];
}
interface DenomGroupCs extends DenomGroupCommon {
  cipher: "CS";

  denoms: ({
    cs_pub: Cs25519Point;
  } & DenomCommon)[];
}
interface DenomGroupRsaAgeRestricted extends DenomGroupCommon {
  cipher: "RSA+age_restricted";
  age_mask: AgeMask;

  denoms: ({
    rsa_pub: RsaPublicKey;
  } & DenomCommon)[];
}
interface DenomGroupCsAgeRestricted extends DenomGroupCommon {
  cipher: "CS+age_restricted";
  age_mask: AgeMask;

  denoms: ({
    cs_pub: Cs25519Point;
  } & DenomCommon)[];
}
// Common attributes for all denomination groups
interface DenomGroupCommon {
  // How much are coins of this denomination worth?
  value: Amount;

  // Fee charged by the exchange for withdrawing a coin of this denomination.
  fee_withdraw: Amount;

  // Fee charged by the exchange for depositing a coin of this denomination.
  fee_deposit: Amount;

  // Fee charged by the exchange for refreshing a coin of this denomination.
  fee_refresh: Amount;

  // Fee charged by the exchange for refunding a coin of this denomination.
  fee_refund: Amount;

}
interface DenomCommon {
  // Signature of TALER_DenominationKeyValidityPS.
  master_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // When does the denomination key become valid?
  stamp_start: Timestamp;

  // When is it no longer possible to withdraw coins
  // of this denomination?
  stamp_expire_withdraw: Timestamp;

  // When is it no longer possible to deposit coins
  // of this denomination?
  stamp_expire_deposit: Timestamp;

  // Timestamp indicating by when legal disputes relating to these coins must
  // be settled, as the exchange will afterwards destroy its evidence relating to
  // transactions involving this coin.
  stamp_expire_legal: Timestamp;

  // Set to 'true' if the exchange somehow "lost"
  // the private key. The denomination was not
  // necessarily revoked, but still cannot be used
  // to withdraw coins at this time (theoretically,
  // the private key could be recovered in the
  // future; coins signed with the private key
  // remain valid).
  lost?: boolean;
}
type DenominationKey =
  | RsaDenominationKey
  | CSDenominationKey;
interface RsaDenominationKey {
  cipher: "RSA";

  // 32-bit age mask.
  age_mask: Integer;

  // RSA public key
  rsa_public_key: RsaPublicKey;
}
interface CSDenominationKey {
  cipher: "CS";

  // 32-bit age mask.
  age_mask: Integer;

  // Public key of the denomination.
  cs_public_key: Cs25519Point;

}

Fees for any of the operations can be zero, but the fields must still be present. The currency of the fee_deposit, fee_refresh and fee_refund must match the currency of the value. Theoretically, the fee_withdraw could be in a different currency, but this is not currently supported by the implementation.

interface Recoup {
  // Hash of the public key of the denomination that is being revoked under
  // emergency protocol (see /recoup).
  h_denom_pub: HashCode;

  // We do not include any signature here, as the primary use-case for
  // this emergency involves the exchange having lost its signing keys,
  // so such a signature here would be pretty worthless.  However, the
  // exchange will not honor /recoup requests unless they are for
  // denomination keys listed here.
}

A signing key in the signkeys list is a JSON object with the following fields:

interface SignKey {
  // The actual exchange's EdDSA signing public key.
  key: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Initial validity date for the signing key.
  stamp_start: Timestamp;

  // Date when the exchange will stop using the signing key, allowed to overlap
  // slightly with the next signing key's validity to allow for clock skew.
  stamp_expire: Timestamp;

  // Date when all signatures made by the signing key expire and should
  // henceforth no longer be considered valid in legal disputes.
  stamp_end: Timestamp;

  // Signature over key and stamp_expire by the exchange master key.
  // Signature of TALER_ExchangeSigningKeyValidityPS.
  // Must have purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_SIGNING_KEY_VALIDITY.
  master_sig: EddsaSignature;
}

An entry in the auditors list is a JSON object with the following fields:

interface AuditorKeys {
  // The auditor's EdDSA signing public key.
  auditor_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // The auditor's URL.
  auditor_url: string;

  // The auditor's name (for humans).
  auditor_name: string;

  // An array of denomination keys the auditor affirms with its signature.
  // Note that the message only includes the hash of the public key, while the
  // signature is actually over the expanded information including expiration
  // times and fees.  The exact format is described below.
  denomination_keys: AuditorDenominationKey[];
}
interface AuditorDenominationKey {
  // Hash of the public RSA key used to sign coins of the respective
  // denomination.  Note that the auditor's signature covers more than just
  // the hash, but this other information is already provided in denoms and
  // thus not repeated here.
  denom_pub_h: HashCode;

  // Signature of TALER_ExchangeKeyValidityPS.
  auditor_sig: EddsaSignature;
}

The same auditor may appear multiple times in the array for different subsets of denomination keys, and the same denomination key hash may be listed multiple times for the same or different auditors. The wallet or merchant just should check that the denomination keys they use are in the set for at least one of the auditors that they accept.

Note

Both the individual denominations and the denomination list is signed, allowing customers to prove that they received an inconsistent list.

Aggregate wire transfer fees representing the fees the exchange charges per wire transfer to a merchant must be specified as an array in all wire transfer response objects under fees. The respective array contains objects with the following members:

interface AggregateTransferFee {
  // Per transfer wire transfer fee.
  wire_fee: Amount;

  // Per transfer closing fee.
  closing_fee: Amount;

  // What date (inclusive) does this fee go into effect?
  // The different fees must cover the full time period in which
  // any of the denomination keys are valid without overlap.
  start_date: Timestamp;

  // What date (exclusive) does this fee stop going into effect?
  // The different fees must cover the full time period in which
  // any of the denomination keys are valid without overlap.
  end_date: Timestamp;

  // Signature of TALER_MasterWireFeePS with
  // purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_WIRE_FEES.
  sig: EddsaSignature;
}
interface ExchangePartnerListEntry {
  // Base URL of the partner exchange.
  partner_base_url: string;

  // Public master key of the partner exchange.
  partner_master_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Per exchange-to-exchange transfer (wad) fee.
  wad_fee: Amount;

  // Exchange-to-exchange wad (wire) transfer frequency.
  wad_frequency: RelativeTime;

  // When did this partnership begin (under these conditions)?
  start_date: Timestamp;

  // How long is this partnership expected to last?
  end_date: Timestamp;

  // Signature using the exchange's offline key over
  // TALER_WadPartnerSignaturePS
  // with purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_PARTNER_DETAILS.
  master_sig: EddsaSignature;
}

1.3.3. Management operations authorized by master key

GET /management/keys

Get a list of future public keys to be used by the exchange. Only to be used by the exchange’s offline key management team. Not useful for anyone else (but also not secret, so access is public).

Response:

200 OK:

The exchange responds with a FutureKeysResponse object. This request should virtually always be successful.

Details:

interface FutureKeysResponse {

  // Future denominations to be offered by this exchange
  // (only those lacking a master signature).
  future_denoms: FutureDenom[];

  // The exchange's future signing keys (only those lacking a master signature).
  future_signkeys: FutureSignKey[];

  // Master public key expected by this exchange (provided so that the
  // offline signing tool can check that it has the right key).
  master_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Public key of the denomination security module.
  denom_secmod_public_key: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Public key of the signkey security module.
  signkey_secmod_public_key: EddsaPublicKey;

}
interface FutureDenom {
  // Name in the configuration file that defines this denomination.
  section_name: string;

  // How much are coins of this denomination worth?
  value: Amount;

  // When does the denomination key become valid?
  stamp_start: Timestamp;

  // When is it no longer possible to withdraw coins
  // of this denomination?
  stamp_expire_withdraw: Timestamp;

  // When is it no longer possible to deposit coins
  // of this denomination?
  stamp_expire_deposit: Timestamp;

  // Timestamp indicating by when legal disputes relating to these coins must
  // be settled, as the exchange will afterwards destroy its evidence relating to
  // transactions involving this coin.
  stamp_expire_legal: Timestamp;

  // Public key for the denomination.
  denom_pub: DenominationKey;

  // Fee charged by the exchange for withdrawing a coin of this denomination.
  fee_withdraw: Amount;

  // Fee charged by the exchange for depositing a coin of this denomination.
  fee_deposit: Amount;

  // Fee charged by the exchange for refreshing a coin of this denomination.
  fee_refresh: Amount;

  // Fee charged by the exchange for refunding a coin of this denomination.
  fee_refund: Amount;

  // Signature by the denomination security module
  // over TALER_DenominationKeyAnnouncementPS
  // for this denomination with purpose
  // TALER_SIGNATURE_SM_DENOMINATION_KEY.
  denom_secmod_sig: EddsaSignature;

}
interface FutureSignKey {
  // The actual exchange's EdDSA signing public key.
  key: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Initial validity date for the signing key.
  stamp_start: Timestamp;

  // Date when the exchange will stop using the signing key, allowed to overlap
  // slightly with the next signing key's validity to allow for clock skew.
  stamp_expire: Timestamp;

  // Date when all signatures made by the signing key expire and should
  // henceforth no longer be considered valid in legal disputes.
  stamp_end: Timestamp;

  // Signature over TALER_SigningKeyAnnouncementPS
  // for this signing key by the signkey security
  // module using purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_SM_SIGNING_KEY.
  signkey_secmod_sig: EddsaSignature;
}
POST /management/keys

Provide master signatures for future public keys to be used by the exchange. Only to be used by the exchange’s offline key management team. Not useful for anyone else.

Request: The request body must be a MasterSignatures object.

Response:

204 No content:

The request was successfully processed.

403 Forbidden:

A provided signature is invalid.

404 Not found:

One of the keys for which a signature was provided is unknown to the exchange.

Details:

interface MasterSignatures {

  // Provided master signatures for future denomination keys.
  denom_sigs: DenomSignature[];

  // Provided master signatures for future online signing keys.
  signkey_sigs: SignKeySignature[];

}
interface DenomSignature {

  // Hash of the public key of the denomination.
  h_denom_pub: HashCode;

  // Signature over TALER_DenominationKeyValidityPS.
  // Must have purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_DENOMINATION_KEY_VALIDITY
  master_sig: EddsaSignature;

}
interface SignKeySignature {
  // The actual exchange's EdDSA signing public key.
  key: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Signature by the exchange master key over
  // TALER_ExchangeSigningKeyValidityPS.
  // Must have purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_SIGNING_KEY_VALIDITY.
  master_sig: EddsaSignature;

}
POST /management/denominations/$H_DENOM_PUB/revoke

Revoke denomination key, preventing further use by the exchange. Only to be used by the exchange’s offline key management team. Not useful for anyone else.

Request: The request body must be a DenomRevocationSignature object.

Response:

204 No content:

The request was successfully processed.

403 Forbidden:

The provided signature is invalid.

Details:

interface DenomRevocationSignature {

  // Signature by the exchange master key over a
  // TALER_MasterDenominationKeyRevocationPS.
  // Must have purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_DENOMINATION_KEY_REVOKED.
  master_sig: EddsaSignature;

}
POST /management/signkeys/$EXCHANGE_PUB/revoke

Revoke exchange online signing key, preventing further use by the exchange. Only to be used by the exchange’s offline key management team. Not useful for anyone else.

Request: The request body must be a SignkeyRevocationSignature object.

Response:

204 No content:

The request was successfully processed.

403 Forbidden:

The provided signature is invalid.

Details:

interface SignkeyRevocationSignature {

  // Signature by the exchange master key over a
  // TALER_MasterSigningKeyRevocationPS.
  // Must have purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_SIGN_KEY_REVOKED.
  master_sig: EddsaSignature;

}
POST /management/auditors

This request will be used to enable an auditor.

Request:

The request must be a AuditorSetupMessage.

Response:

204 No content:

The auditor was successfully enabled.

403 Forbidden:

The master signature is invalid.

409 Conflict:

The exchange has a more recent request related to this auditor key (replay detected).

Details:

interface AuditorSetupMessage {

  // Base URL of the auditor.
  auditor_url: string;

  // Human-readable name of the auditor.
  auditor_name: string;

  // The auditor's EdDSA signing public key.
  auditor_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Signature by the exchange master ke yover a
  // TALER_MasterAddAuditorPS.
  // Must have purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_ADD_AUDITOR.
  master_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // When does the auditor become active?
  // Should be the time when the signature was created,
  // using the (monotonic!) local time of the system
  // with the offline master public key. Note that
  // even if the time is in the future, the auditor will
  // become active immediately! Used ONLY to detect replay attacks.
  validity_start: Timestamp;

}
POST /management/auditors/$AUDITOR_PUB/disable

This request will be used to disable the use of the given auditor. We use POST instead of DELETE because the exchange will retain state about the auditor (specifically the end date) to prevent replay attacks abusing the AuditorSetupMessage. Also, DELETE would not support a body, which is needed to provide the signature authorizing the operation.

Request:

The request must be a AuditorTeardownMessage.

Response

204 No content:

The auditor has successfully disabled the auditor. The body is empty.

403 Forbidden:

The signature is invalid.

404 Not found:

The auditor is unknown to the exchange.

409 Conflict:

The exchange has a more recent request related to this auditor key (replay detected).

Details:

interface AuditorTeardownMessage {

  // Signature by the exchange master key over a
  // TALER_MasterDelAuditorPS.
  // Must have purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_AUDITOR_DEL.
  master_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // When does the auditor become inactive?
  // Should be the time when the signature was created,
  // using the (monotonic!) local time of the system
  // with the offline master public key.  Note that
  // even if the time is in the future, the auditor will
  // become inactive immediately! Used ONLY to detect replay attacks.
  validity_end: Timestamp;

}
POST /management/wire-fee

This request is used to configure wire fees.

Request:

The request must be a WireFeeSetupMessage.

Response:

204 No content:

The wire fee was successfully configured.

403 Forbidden:

The master signature is invalid.

409 Conflict:

The exchange has a conflicting wire fee already set up.

Details:

interface WireFeeSetupMessage {

  // Wire method the fee applies to.
  wire_method: string;

  // Signature using the exchange's offline key
  // with purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_WIRE_FEES.
  master_sig_wire: EddsaSignature;

  // When does the wire fee validity period start?
  fee_start: Timestamp;

  // When does the wire fee validity period end (exclusive).
  fee_end: Timestamp;

  // Closing fee to charge during that time period for this wire method.
  closing_fee: Amount;

  // Wire fee to charge during that time period for this wire method.
  wire_fee: Amount;

}
POST /management/global-fees

Provides global fee configuration for a timeframe.

Request:

The request must be a GlobalFees message.

Response

204 No content:

The configuration update has been processed successfully. The body is empty.

403 Forbidden:

The signature is invalid.

409 Conflict:

The exchange has previously received a conflicting configuration message.

POST /management/wire

This request will be used to enable a wire method (exchange bank account).

Request:

The request must be a WireSetupMessage.

Response:

204 No content:

The wire method was successfully enabled.

403 Forbidden:

The master signature is invalid.

409 Conflict:

The exchange has a more recent request related to this wire method (replay detected).

Details:

interface WireSetupMessage {

  // payto:// URL identifying the account and wire method
  payto_uri: string;

  // Signature using the exchange's offline key
  // over a TALER_MasterWireDetailsPS
  // with purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_WIRE_DETAILS.
  master_sig_wire: EddsaSignature;

  // Signature using the exchange's offline key over a
  // TALER_MasterAddWirePS
  // with purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_WIRE_ADD.
  master_sig_add: EddsaSignature;

  // When does the wire method become active?
  // Should be the time when the signature was created,
  // using the (monotonic!) local time of the system
  // with the offline master public key. Note that
  // even if the time is in the future, the wire method will
  // become active immediately! Used ONLY to detect replay attacks.
  validity_start: Timestamp;

  // Display label wallets should use to show this
  // bank account.
  // Since protocol **v19**.
  bank_label?: string;

  // *Signed* integer with the display priority for
  // this bank account.
  // Since protocol **v19**.
  priority?: Integer;

}
POST /management/wire/disable

This request will be used to disable the use of the given wire method. We use POST instead of DELETE because the exchange will retain state about the wire method (specifically the end date) to prevent replay attacks abusing the WireSetupMessage. Also, DELETE would not support a body, which is needed to provide the signature authorizing the operation.

Request:

The request must be a WireTeardownMessage.

Response

204 No content:

The auditor has successfully disabled the wire method. The body is empty.

403 Forbidden:

The signature is invalid.

404 Not found:

The wire method is unknown to the exchange.

409 Conflict:

The exchange has a more recent request related to this wire method (replay detected).

Details:

interface WireTeardownMessage {

  // payto:// URL identifying the account and wire method
  payto_uri: string;

  // Signature using the exchange's offline key over a
  // TALER_MasterDelWirePS.
  // with purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_WIRE_DEL.
  master_sig_del: EddsaSignature;

  // Should be the time when the signature was created,
  // using the (monotonic!) local time of the system
  // with the offline master public key.  Note that
  // even if the time is in the future, the wire method will
  // become inactive immediately! Used ONLY to detect replay attacks.
  validity_end: Timestamp;

}
POST /management/drain

This request is used to drain profits from the exchange’s escrow account to another regular bank account of the exchange. The actual drain requires running the taler-exchange-drain tool.

Request:

The request must be a DrainProfitsMessage.

Response:

204 No content:

The profit drain was scheduled.

403 Forbidden:

The master signature is invalid.

Details:

interface DrainProfitsMessage {

  // Configuration section of the account to debit.
  debit_account_section: string;

  // Credit payto URI
  credit_payto_uri: string;

  // Wire transfer identifier to use.
  wtid: Base32;

  // Signature by the exchange master key over a
  // TALER_MasterDrainProfitPS.
  // Must have purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_DRAIN_PROFITS.
  master_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // When was the message created.
  date: Timestamp;

  // Amount to be drained.
  amount: Amount;

}
POST /management/aml-officers

Update settings for an AML Officer status.

Request:

The request must be an AmlOfficerSetup message.

Response

204 No content:

The officer settings have been updated successfully.

403 Forbidden:

The signature is invalid.

409 Conflict:

The exchange has previously received a conflicting configuration message.

Details:

interface AmlOfficerSetup {

  // Public key of the AML officer
  officer_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Legal full name of the AML officer
  officer_name: string;

  // Is the account active?
  is_active: boolean;

  // Is the account read-only?
  read_only: boolean;

  // Signature by the exchange master key over a
  // TALER_MasterAmlOfficerStatusPS.
  // Must have purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_AML_KEY.
  master_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // When will the change take effect?
  change_date: Timestamp;

}
POST /management/partners

Enables a partner exchange for wad transfers.

Request:

The request must be an ExchangePartnerSetupReqest message.

Response

204 No content:

The partner has been added successfully.

403 Forbidden:

The signature is invalid.

409 Conflict:

The exchange has previously received a conflicting configuration message.

Details:

interface ExchangePartnerSetupRequest {

  // Base URL of the partner exchange
  partner_base_url: string;

  // Master (offline) public key of the partner exchange.
  partner_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // How frequently will wad transfers be made
  wad_frequency: RelativeTime;

  // Signature by the exchange master key over a
  // TALER_PartnerConfigurationPS.
  // Must have purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_PARTNER_DETAILS.
  master_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // When will the partner relationship start (inclusive).
  start_date: Timestamp;

  // When will the partner relationship end (exclusive).
  end_date: Timestamp;

  // Wad fee to be charged (to customers).
  wad_fee: Amount;

}

1.3.4. AML operations

This API is only for designated AML officers. It is used to allow exchange staff to monitor suspicious transactions and freeze or unfreeze accounts suspected of money laundering.

GET /aml/$OFFICER_PUB/measures

To enable the AML staff SPA to give AML staff a choice of possible measures, a new endpoint /aml/$OFFICER_PUB/measures is added that allows the AML SPA to dynamically GET the list of available measures. It returns a list of known KYC checks (by name) with their descriptions and a list of AML programs with information about the required context.

This endpoint was introduced in protocol v20.

Request:

Taler-AML-Officer-Signature:

The client must provide Base-32 encoded EdDSA signature with $OFFICER_PRIV, affirming the desire to obtain AML data. Note that this is merely a simple authentication mechanism, the details of the request are not protected by the signature.

Response:

200 Ok:

Information about possible measures is returned in a AvailableMeasureSummary object.

Details:

interface AvailableMeasureSummary {

  // Available original measures that can be
  // triggered directly by default rules.
  roots: { "$measure_name" : MeasureInformation; };

  // Available AML programs.
  programs: { "$prog_name" : AmlProgramRequirement; };

  // Available KYC checks.
  checks: { "$check_name" : KycCheckInformation; };

}
interface MeasureInformation {

  // Name of a KYC check.
  check_name: string;

  // Name of an AML program.
  prog_name: string;

  // Context for the check. Optional.
  context?: Object;

}
interface AmlProgramRequirement {

  // Description of what the AML program does.
  description: string;

  // List of required field names in the context to run this
  // AML program. SPA must check that the AML staff is providing
  // adequate CONTEXT when defining a measure using this program.
  context: string[];

  // List of required attribute names in the
  // input of this AML program.  These attributes
  // are the minimum that the check must produce
  // (it may produce more).
  inputs: string[];

}
interface KycCheckInformation {

  // Description of the KYC check.  Should be shown
  // to the AML staff but will also be shown to the
  // client when they initiate the check in the KYC SPA.
  description: string;

  // Map from IETF BCP 47 language tags to localized
  // description texts.
  description_i18n ?: { [lang_tag: string]: string};

  // Names of the fields that the CONTEXT must provide
  // as inputs to this check.
  // SPA must check that the AML staff is providing
  // adequate CONTEXT when defining a measure using
  // this check.
  requires: string[];

  // Names of the attributes the check will output.
  // SPA must check that the outputs match the
  // required inputs when combining a KYC check
  // with an AML program into a measure.
  outputs: string[];

  // Name of a root measure taken when this check fails.
  fallback: string;
}
GET /aml/$OFFICER_PUB/kyc-statistics/$NAME

Returns the number of KYC events matching the given event type $NAME in the specified time range. Note that this query can be slow as the statistics are computed on-demand. (This is OK as such requests should be rare.)

This endpoint was introduced in protocol v20.

Request:

Taler-AML-Officer-Signature:

The client must provide Base-32 encoded EdDSA signature with $OFFICER_PRIV, affirming the desire to obtain AML data. Note that this is merely a simple authentication mechanism, the details of the request are not protected by the signature.

Query Parameters:
  • start_date=TIMESTAMPOptional. Specifies the date when to start looking (inclusive). If not given, the start time of the exchange operation is used. The TIMESTAMP is given in seconds since the UNIX epoch.

  • end_date=TIMESTAMPOptional. Specifies the date when to stop looking (exclusive). If not given, the current date is used. The TIMESTAMP is given in seconds since the UNIX epoch.

Response:

200 OK:

The responds will be an EventCounter message.

Details:

interface EventCounter {
  // Number of events of the specified type in
  // the given range.
  counter: Integer;
}
GET /aml/$OFFICER_PUB/decisions

Request:

Taler-AML-Officer-Signature:

The client must provide Base-32 encoded EdDSA signature with $OFFICER_PRIV, affirming the desire to obtain AML data. Note that this is merely a simple authentication mechanism, the details of the request are not protected by the signature.

This endpoint was introduced in this form in protocol v20.

Query Parameters:
  • limitOptional. takes value of the form N (-N), so that at most N values strictly older (younger) than start are returned. Defaults to -20 to return the last 20 entries (before start).

  • offsetOptional. Row number threshold, see delta for its interpretation. Defaults to INT64_MAX, namely the biggest row id possible in the database.

  • h_paytoOptional. Account selector. All matching accounts are returned if this filter is absent, otherwise only decisions for this account.

  • activeOptional. If set to yes, only return active decisions, if no only decisions that have been superceeded. Do not give (or use “all”) to see all decisions regardless of activity status.

  • investigationOptional. If set to yes, only return accounts that are under AML investigation, if no only accounts that are not under investigation. Do not give (or use “all”) to see all accounts regardless of investigation status.

Response:

200 OK:

The response will be an AmlDecisionsResponse message.

204 No content:

There are no matching AML records.

403 Forbidden:

The signature is invalid.

404 Not found:

The designated AML account is not known.

409 Conflict:

The designated AML account is not enabled.

Details:

interface AmlDecisionsResponse {

  // Array of AML decisions matching the query.
  records: AmlDecision[];
}
interface AmlDecision {

  // Which payto-address is this record about.
  // Identifies a GNU Taler wallet or an affected bank account.
  h_payto: PaytoHash;

  // Row ID of the record.  Used to filter by offset.
  rowid: Integer;

  // Justification for the decision. NULL if none
  // is available.
  justification?: string;

  // When was the decision made?
  decision_time: Timestamp;

  // Free-form properties about the account.
  // Can be used to store properties such as PEP,
  // risk category, type of business, hits on
  // sanctions lists, etc.
  properties?: AccountProperties;

  // What are the new rules?
  limits: LegitimizationRuleSet;

  // True if the account is under investigation by AML staff
  // after this decision.
  to_investigate: boolean;

  // True if this is the active decision for the
  // account.
  is_active: boolean;

}
// All fields in this object are optional. The actual
// properties collected depend fully on the discretion
// of the exchange operator;
// however, some common fields are standardized
// and thus described here.
interface AccountProperties {

  // True if this is a politically exposed account.
  // Rules for classifying accounts as politically
  // exposed are country-dependent.
  pep?: boolean;

  // True if this is a sanctioned account.
  // Rules for classifying accounts as sanctioned
  // are country-dependent.
  sanctioned?: boolean;

  // True if this is a high-risk account.
  // Rules for classifying accounts as at-risk
  // are exchange operator-dependent.
  high_risk?: boolean;

  // Business domain of the account owner.
  // The list of possible business domains is
  // operator- or country-dependent.
  business_domain?: string;

  // Is the client's account currently frozen?
  is_frozen?: boolean;

  // Was the client's account reported to the authorities?
  was_reported?: boolean;

}
interface LegitimizationRuleSet {

  // When does this set of rules expire and
  // we automatically transition to the successor
  // measure?
  expiration_time: Timestamp;

  // Name of the measure to apply when the expiration time is
  // reached.  If not set, we refer to the default
  // set of rules (and the default account state).
  successor_measure?: string;

  // Legitimization rules that are to be applied
  // to this account.
  rules: KycRule[];

  // Custom measures that KYC rules and the
  // successor_measure may refer to.
  custom_measures: { "$measure_name" : MeasureInformation; };

}
interface KycRule {

  // Type of operation to which the rule applies.
  operation_type: string;

  // The measures will be taken if the given
  // threshold is crossed over the given timeframe.
  threshold: Amount;

  // Over which duration should the threshold be
  // computed.  All amounts of the respective
  // operation_type will be added up for this
  // duration and the sum compared to the threshold.
  timeframe: RelativeTime;

  // Array of names of measures to apply.
  // Names listed can be original measures or
  // custom measures from the AmlOutcome.
  // A special measure "verboten" is used if the
  // threshold may never be crossed.
  measures: string[];

  // If multiple rules apply to the same account
  // at the same time, the number with the highest
  // rule determines which set of measures will
  // be activated and thus become visible for the
  // user.
  display_priority: Integer;

  // True if the rule (specifically, operation_type,
  // threshold, timeframe) and the general nature of
  // the measures (verboten or approval required)
  // should be exposed to the client.
  // Defaults to "false" if not set.
  exposed?: boolean;

  // True if all the measures will eventually need to
  // be satisfied, false if any of the measures should
  // do.  Primarily used by the SPA to indicate how
  // the measures apply when showing them to the user;
  // in the end, AML programs will decide after each
  // measure what to do next.
  // Default (if missing) is false.
  is_and_combinator?: boolean;

}
GET /aml/$OFFICER_PUB/attributes/$H_PAYTO

Obtain attributes obtained as part of AML/KYC processes for a given account.

This endpoint was introduced in protocol v20.

Request:

Taler-AML-Officer-Signature:

The client must provide Base-32 encoded EdDSA signature with $OFFICER_PRIV, affirming the desire to obtain AML data. Note that this is merely a simple authentication mechanism, the details of the request are not protected by the signature.

Query Parameters:
  • limitOptional. takes value of the form N (-N), so that at most N values strictly older (younger) than start are returned. Defaults to -20 to return the last 20 entries (before start).

  • offsetOptional. Row number threshold, see delta for its interpretation. Defaults to INT64_MAX, namely the biggest row id possible in the database.

Response:

200 OK:

The responds will be an KycAttributes message.

204 No content:

There are no matching KYC attributes.

403 Forbidden:

The signature is invalid.

404 Not found:

The designated AML account is not known.

409 Conflict:

The designated AML account is not enabled.

interface KycAttributes {

  // Matching KYC attribute history of the account.
  details: KycAttributeCollectionEvent[];

}
interface KycAttributeCollectionEvent {

  // Row ID of the record.  Used to filter by offset.
  rowid: Integer;

  // Name of the provider
  // which was used to collect the attributes. NULL if they were
  // just uploaded via a form by the account owner.
  provider_name?: string;

  // The collected KYC data.  NULL if the attribute data could not
  // be decrypted (internal error of the exchange, likely the
  // attribute key was changed).
  attributes?: Object;

  // Time when the KYC data was collected
  collection_time: Timestamp;

}
POST /aml/$OFFICER_PUB/decision

Make an AML decision. Triggers the respective action and records the justification.

Request:

The request must be an AmlDecisionRequest message.

Response

204 No content:

The AML decision has been executed and recorded successfully.

403 Forbidden:

The signature is invalid.

404 Not found:

The address the decision was made upon is unknown to the exchange or the designated AML account is not known.

409 Conflict:

The designated AML account is not enabled or a more recent decision was already submitted.

Details:

interface AmlDecisionRequest {

  // Human-readable justification for the decision.
  justification: string;

  // Which payto-address is the decision about?
  // Identifies a GNU Taler wallet or an affected bank account.
  h_payto: PaytoHash;

  // What are the new rules?
  // New since protocol **v20**.
  new_rules: LegitimizationRuleSet;

  // What are the new account properties?
  // New since protocol **v20**.
  properties: AccountProperties;

  // True if the account should remain under investigation by AML staff.
  // New since protocol **v20**.
  keep_investigating: boolean;

  // Signature by the AML officer over a TALER_AmlDecisionPS.
  // Must have purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MASTER_AML_KEY.
  officer_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // When was the decision made?
  decision_time: Timestamp;

}

1.3.5. Auditor actions

This part of the API is for the use by auditors interacting with the exchange.

POST /auditors/$AUDITOR_PUB/$H_DENOM_PUB

This is used to add an auditor signature to the /keys response. It affirms to wallets and merchants that this auditor is indeed auditing the coins issued by the respective denomination. There is no “delete” operation for this, as auditors can only stop auditing a denomination when it expires.

Request:

The request must be a AuditorSignatureAddMessage.

Response:

204 No content:

The backend has successfully stored the auditor signature.

403 Forbidden:

The auditor signature is invalid.

404 Not found:

The denomination key for which the auditor is providing a signature is unknown. The response will be a DenominationUnknownMessage.

410 Gone:

This auditor is no longer supported by the exchange.

412 Precondition failed:

This auditor is not yet known to the exchange.

Details:

interface DenominationUnknownMessage {

  // Taler error code.
  code: number;

  // Signature by the exchange over a
  // TALER_DenominationUnknownAffirmationPS.
  // Must have purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_EXCHANGE_AFFIRM_DENOM_UNKNOWN.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Public key of the exchange used to create
  // the 'exchange_sig.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Hash of the denomination public key that is unknown.
  h_denom_pub: HashCode;

  // When was the signature created.
  timestamp: Timestamp;

}
interface AuditorSignatureAddMessage {

  // Signature by the auditor over a
  // TALER_ExchangeKeyValidityPS.
  // Must have purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_AUDITOR_EXCHANGE_KEYS.
  auditor_sig: EddsaSignature;

}

1.3.6. Withdrawal

This API is used by the wallet to obtain digital coins.

When transferring money to the exchange such as via SEPA transfers, the exchange creates a reserve, which keeps the money from the customer. The customer must specify an EdDSA reserve public key as part of the transfer, and can then withdraw digital coins using the corresponding private key. All incoming and outgoing transactions are recorded under the corresponding public key by the exchange.

Note

Eventually the exchange will need to advertise a policy for how long it will keep transaction histories for inactive or even fully drained reserves. We will therefore need some additional handler similar to /keys to advertise those terms of service.

GET /reserves/$RESERVE_PUB

Request summary information about a reserve.

Request:

Query Parameters:
  • timeout_ms=MILLISECONDSOptional. If specified, the exchange will wait up to MILLISECONDS for incoming funds before returning a 404 if the reserve does not yet exist.

Response:

200 OK:

The exchange responds with a ReserveSummary object; the reserve was known to the exchange.

404 Not found:

The reserve key does not belong to a reserve known to the exchange.

Details:

interface ReserveSummary {
  // Balance left in the reserve.
  balance: Amount;

  // If set, age restriction is required to be set for each coin to this
  // value during the withdrawal from this reserve. The client then MUST
  // use a denomination with support for age restriction enabled for the
  // withdrawal.
  // The value represents a valid age group from the list of permissible
  // age groups as defined by the exchange's output to /keys.
  maximum_age_group?: number;
}

1.3.6.1. Withdraw

POST /csr-withdraw

Obtain exchange-side input values in preparation for a withdraw step for certain denomination cipher types, specifically at this point for Clause-Schnorr blind signatures.

Request: The request body must be a WithdrawPrepareRequest object.

Response:

200 OK:

The request was successful, and the response is a WithdrawPrepareResponse. Note that repeating exactly the same request will again yield the same response (assuming none of the denomination is expired).

404 Not found:

The denomination key is not known to the exchange.

410 Gone:

The requested denomination key is not yet or no longer valid. It either before the validity start, past the expiration or was revoked. The response is a DenominationExpiredMessage. Clients must evaluate the error code provided to understand which of the cases this is and handle it accordingly.

Details:

interface WithdrawPrepareRequest {

  // Nonce to be used by the exchange to derive
  // its private inputs from. Must not have ever
  // been used before.
  nonce: CSNonce;

  // Hash of the public key of the denomination the
  // request relates to.
  denom_pub_hash: HashCode;

}
type WithdrawPrepareResponse =
  | ExchangeWithdrawValue;
type ExchangeWithdrawValue =
  | ExchangeRsaWithdrawValue
  | ExchangeCsWithdrawValue;
interface ExchangeRsaWithdrawValue {
  cipher: "RSA";
}
interface ExchangeCsWithdrawValue {
  cipher: "CS";

  // CSR R0 value
  r_pub_0: CsRPublic;

  // CSR R1 value
  r_pub_1: CsRPublic;
}

1.3.6.2. Batch Withdraw

POST /reserves/$RESERVE_PUB/batch-withdraw

Withdraw multiple coins from the same reserve. Note that the client should commit all of the request details, including the private key of the coins and the blinding factors, to disk before issuing this request, so that it can recover the information if necessary in case of transient failures, like power outage, network outage, etc.

Request: The request body must be a BatchWithdrawRequest object.

Response:

200 OK:

The request was successful, and the response is a BatchWithdrawResponse. Note that repeating exactly the same request will again yield the same response, so if the network goes down during the transaction or before the client can commit the coin signature to disk, the coin is not lost.

403 Forbidden:

A signature is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not found:

A denomination key or the reserve are not known to the exchange. If the denomination key is unknown, this suggests a bug in the wallet as the wallet should have used current denomination keys from /keys. In this case, the response will be a DenominationUnknownMessage. If the reserve is unknown, the wallet should not report a hard error yet, but instead simply wait for up to a day, as the wire transaction might simply not yet have completed and might be known to the exchange in the near future. In this case, the wallet should repeat the exact same request later again using exactly the same blinded coin.

409 Conflict:

One of the following reasons occured:

1. The balance of the reserve is not sufficient to withdraw the coins of the indicated denominations. The response is WithdrawError object.

2. The reserve has a birthday set and requires a request to /age-withdraw instead. The response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response with error-code TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_RESERVES_AGE_RESTRICTION_REQUIRED and an additional field maximum_allowed_age for the maximum age (in years) that the client can commit to in the call to /age-withdraw

410 Gone:

A requested denomination key is not yet or no longer valid. It either before the validity start, past the expiration or was revoked. The response is a DenominationExpiredMessage. Clients must evaluate the error code provided to understand which of the cases this is and handle it accordingly.

451 Unavailable for Legal Reasons:

This reserve has received funds from a purse or the amount withdrawn exceeds another legal threshold and thus the reserve must be upgraded to an account (with KYC) before the withdraw can complete. Note that this response does NOT affirm that the withdraw will ultimately complete with the requested amount. The user should be redirected to the provided location to perform the required KYC checks to open the account before withdrawing. Afterwards, the request should be repeated. The response will be an LegitimizationNeededResponse object.

Implementation note: internally, we need to distinguish between upgrading the reserve to an account (due to P2P payment) and identifying the owner of the origin bank account (due to exceeding the withdraw amount threshold), as we need to create a different payto://-URI for the KYC check depending on the case.

Details:

interface BatchWithdrawRequest {
  // Array of requests for the individual coins to withdraw.
  planchets: WithdrawRequest[];

}
interface WithdrawRequest {
  // Hash of a denomination public key, specifying the type of coin the client
  // would like the exchange to create.
  denom_pub_hash: HashCode;

  // Coin's blinded public key, should be (blindly) signed by the exchange's
  // denomination private key.
  coin_ev: CoinEnvelope;

  // Signature of TALER_WithdrawRequestPS created with
  // the reserves's private key
  // using purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_RESERVE_WITHDRAW.
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;

}
interface BatchWithdrawResponse {
  // Array of blinded signatures, in the same order as was
  // given in the request.
  ev_sigs: WithdrawResponse[];

}
interface WithdrawResponse {
  // The blinded signature over the 'coin_ev', affirms the coin's
  // validity after unblinding.
  ev_sig: BlindedDenominationSignature;

}
type BlindedDenominationSignature =
  | RsaBlindedDenominationSignature
  | CSBlindedDenominationSignature;
interface RsaBlindedDenominationSignature {
  cipher: "RSA";

  // (blinded) RSA signature
  blinded_rsa_signature: BlindedRsaSignature;
}
interface CSBlindedDenominationSignature {
  type: "CS";

  // Signer chosen bit value, 0 or 1, used
  // in Clause Blind Schnorr to make the
  // ROS problem harder.
  b: Integer;

  // Blinded scalar calculated from c_b.
  s: Cs25519Scalar;

}
interface WithdrawError {
  // Text describing the error.
  hint: string;

  // Detailed error code.
  code: Integer;

  // Amount left in the reserve.
  balance: Amount;

  // History of the reserve's activity, in the same format
  // as returned by /reserve/$RID/history.
  history: TransactionHistoryItem[]
}
interface DenominationExpiredMessage {

  // Taler error code.  Note that beyond
  // expiration this message format is also
  // used if the key is not yet valid, or
  // has been revoked.
  code: number;

  // Signature by the exchange over a
  // TALER_DenominationExpiredAffirmationPS.
  // Must have purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_EXCHANGE_AFFIRM_DENOM_EXPIRED.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Public key of the exchange used to create
  // the 'exchange_sig.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Hash of the denomination public key that is unknown.
  h_denom_pub: HashCode;

  // When was the signature created.
  timestamp: Timestamp;

  // What kind of operation was requested that now
  // failed?
  oper: string;
}

1.3.6.3. Withdraw with Age Restriction

If the reserve was marked with a maximum age group, the client has to perform a cut&choose protocol with the exchange. It first calls /reserves/$RESERVE_PUB/age-withdraw and commits to n*kappa coins. On success, the exchange answers this request with an noreveal-index. The client then has to call /age-withdraw/$ACH/reveal to reveal all n*(kappa - 1) coins along with their age commitments to proof that they were appropriate. If so, the exchange will blindly sign n undisclosed coins from the request.

POST /reserves/$RESERVE_PUB/age-withdraw

Withdraw multiple coins with age restriction from the same reserve. Note that the client should commit all of the request details, including the private key of the coins and the blinding factors, to disk before issuing this request, so that it can recover the information if necessary in case of transient failures, like power outage, network outage, etc.

Request: The request body must be a AgeWithdrawRequest object.

Response:

200 OK:

The request was successful, and the response is a AgeWithdrawResponse. Note that repeating exactly the same request will again yield the same response, so if the network goes down during the transaction or before the client can commit the coin signature to disk, the coin is not lost.

403 Forbidden:

A signature is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

409 Conflict:

One of two reasons occured:

1. The balance of the reserve is not sufficient to withdraw the coins of the given amount. The response is a WithdrawError object.

2. The provided value for max_age is higher than the allowed value according to the reserve’s birthday. The response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response with error-code TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_AGE_WITHDRAW_MAXIMUM_AGE_TOO_LARGE and an additional field maximum_allowed_age for the maximum age (in years) that the client can commit to in a call to /age-withdraw

410 Gone:

A requested denomination key is not yet or no longer valid. It either before the validity start, past the expiration or was revoked. The response is a DenominationExpiredMessage. Clients must evaluate the error code provided to understand which of the cases this is and handle it accordingly.

451 Unavailable for Legal Reasons:

This reserve has received funds from a purse or the amount withdrawn exceeds another legal threshold and thus the reserve must be upgraded to an account (with KYC) before the withdraw can complete. Note that this response does NOT affirm that the withdraw will ultimately complete with the requested amount. The user should be redirected to the provided location to perform the required KYC checks to open the account before withdrawing. Afterwards, the request should be repeated. The response will be an LegitimizationNeededResponse object.

interface AgeWithdrawRequest {
  // Array of n hash codes of denomination public keys to order.
  // These denominations MUST support age restriction as defined in the
  // output to /keys.
  // The sum of all denomination's values and fees MUST be at most the
  // balance of the reserve.  The balance of the reserve will be
  // immediatley reduced by that amount.
  denoms_h: HashCode[];

  // n arrays of kappa entries with blinded coin envelopes.  Each
  // (toplevel)  entry represents kappa canditates for a particular
  // coin.  The exchange  will respond with an index gamma, which is
  // the index that shall remain undisclosed during the reveal phase.
  // The SHA512 hash $ACH over the blinded coin envelopes is the commitment
  // that is later used as the key to the reveal-URL.
  blinded_coins_evs:  CoinEnvelope[][];

  // The maximum age to commit to.  MUST be the same as the maximum
  // age in the reserve.
  max_age: number;

  // Signature of TALER_AgeWithdrawRequestPS created with
  // the reserves's private key
  // using purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_RESERVE_AGE_WITHDRAW.
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;
}
interface AgeWithdrawResponse {
  // index of the commitments that the client doesn't
  // have to disclose
  noreveal_index: Integer;

  // Signature of TALER_AgeWithdrawConfirmationPS whereby
  // the exchange confirms the noreveal_index.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Public EdDSA key of the exchange that was used to
  // generate the signature.  Should match one of the exchange's signing
  // keys from /keys.  Again given explicitly as the client might
  // otherwise be confused by clock skew as to which signing key was used.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;
}
POST /age-withdraw/$ACH/reveal

The client has previously committed to multiple coins with age restriction in a call to /reserve/$RESERVE_PUB/age-withdraw and got a AgeWithdrawResponse from the exchange. By calling this endpoint, the client has to reveal each coin and their kappa - 1 age commitments, except for the age commitments with index noreveal_index. The hash of all commitments from the former withdraw request is given as the $ACH value in the URL to this endpoint.

Request: The request body must be a AgeWithdrawRevealRequest object.

Response:

200 OK:

The request was successful, and the response is a AgeWithdrawRevealResponse. Note that repeating exactly the same request will again yield the same response, so if the network goes down during the transaction or before the client can commit the coin signature to disk, the coin is not lost.

404 Not found:

The provided commitment $ACH is unknown.

409 Conflict:

The reveal operation failed and the response is an WithdrawError object. The error codes indicate one of two cases:

  1. An age commitment for at least one of the coins did not fulfill the required maximum age requirement of the corresponding reserve. Error code: TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_GENERIC_COIN_AGE_REQUIREMENT_FAILURE.

  2. The computation of the hash of the commitment with provided input does result in the value $ACH. Error code: TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_AGE_WITHDRAW_REVEAL_INVALID_HASH

interface AgeWithdrawRevealRequest {
  // Array of n of (kappa - 1) disclosed coin master secrets, from
  // which the coins' private key, blinding, nonce (for Clause-Schnorr) and
  // age-restriction  is calculated.
  //
  // Given each coin's private key and age commitment, the exchange will
  // calculate each coin's blinded hash value und use all those (disclosed)
  // blinded hashes together with the non-disclosed envelopes coin_evs
  // during the verification of the original age-withdraw-commitment.
  disclosed_coin_secrets: AgeRestrictedCoinSecret[][];
}
// The Master key material from which the coins' private key coin_priv,
// blinding beta and nonce nonce (for Clause-Schnorr) itself are
// derived as usually in wallet-core.  Given a coin's master key material,
// the age commitment for the coin MUST be derived from this private key as
// follows:
//
// Let m ∈  {1,...,M} be the maximum age group as defined in the reserve
// that the wallet can commit to.
//
// For age group $AG ∈  {1,...m}, set
//     seed = HDKF(coin_secret, "age-commitment", $AG)
//   p[$AG] = Edx25519_generate_private(seed)
// and calculate the corresponding Edx25519PublicKey as
//   q[$AG] = Edx25519_public_from_private(p[$AG])
//
// For age groups $AG ∈  {m,...,M}, set
//   f[$AG] = HDKF(coin_secret, "age-factor", $AG)
// and calculate the corresponding Edx25519PublicKey as
//   q[$AG] = Edx25519_derive_public(PublishedAgeRestrictionBaseKey, f[$AG])
//
type AgeRestrictedCoinSecret = string;
// The value for PublishedAgeRestrictionBaseKey is a randomly chosen
// Edx25519PublicKey for which the private key is not known to the clients.  It is
// used during the age-withdraw protocol so that clients can proof that they
// derived all public keys to age groups higher than their allowed maximum
// from this particular value.
const PublishedAgeRestrictionBaseKey =
    new Edx25519PublicKey("CH0VKFDZ2GWRWHQBBGEK9MWV5YDQVJ0RXEE0KYT3NMB69F0R96TG");
interface AgeWithdrawRevealResponse {
  // List of the exchange's blinded RSA signatures on the new coins.
  ev_sigs : BlindedDenominationSignature[];
}

1.3.7. Reserve History

GET /reserves/$RESERVE_PUB/history

Request information about the full history of a reserve or an account.

Request:

The GET request should come with the following HTTP headers:

If-None-Match: The client MAY provide an If-None-Match header with an Etag. In that case, the server MUST additionally respond with an 304 status code in case the reserve history matches the provided Etag.

Taler-Reserve-History-Signature: The client MUST provide Base-32 encoded

EdDSA signature over a TALER_SIGNATURE_RESERVE_HISTORY_REQUEST made with the respective $RESERVE_PRIV, affirming desire to download the current reserve transaction history.

Query Parameters:
  • start=OFFSETOptional. Only return reserve history entries with offsets above the given OFFSET. Allows clients to not retrieve history entries they already have.

Response:

200 OK:

The exchange responds with a ReserveHistory object; the reserve was known to the exchange.

204 No content:

The reserve history is known, but at this point from the given starting point it is empty. Can only happen if OFFSET was positive.

304 Not modified:

The reserve history matches the one identified by the “If-none-match” HTTP header of the request.

403 Forbidden:

The TALER_SIGNATURE_RESERVE_HISTORY_REQUEST is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not found:

The reserve key does not belong to a reserve known to the exchange.

Details:

interface ReserveHistory {
  // Balance left in the reserve.
  balance: Amount;

  // If set, gives the maximum age group that the client is required to set
  // during withdrawal.
  maximum_age_group: number;

  // Transaction history for this reserve.
  // May be partial (!).
  history: TransactionHistoryItem[];
}

Objects in the transaction history have the following format:

interface AccountSetupTransaction {
  type: "SETUP";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // KYC fee agreed to by the reserve owner.
  kyc_fee: Amount;

  // Time when the KYC was triggered.
  kyc_timestamp: Timestamp;

  // Hash of the wire details of the account.
  // Note that this hash is unsalted and potentially
  // private (as it could be inverted), hence access
  // to this endpoint must be authorized using the
  // private key of the reserve.
  h_wire: HashCode;

  // Signature created with the reserve's private key.
  // Must be of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_ACCOUNT_SETUP_REQUEST over
  // a TALER_AccountSetupRequestSignaturePS.
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;

}
interface ReserveWithdrawTransaction {
  type: "WITHDRAW";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // Amount withdrawn.
  amount: Amount;

  // Hash of the denomination public key of the coin.
  h_denom_pub: HashCode;

  // Hash of the blinded coin to be signed.
  h_coin_envelope: HashCode;

  // Signature over a TALER_WithdrawRequestPS
  // with purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_RESERVE_WITHDRAW
  // created with the reserve's private key.
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Fee that is charged for withdraw.
  withdraw_fee: Amount;
 }
interface ReserveAgeWithdrawTransaction {
  type: "AGEWITHDRAW";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // Total Amount withdrawn.
  amount: Amount;

  // Commitment of all n*kappa blinded coins.
  h_commitment: HashCode;

  // Signature over a TALER_AgeWithdrawRequestPS
  // with purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_RESERVE_AGE_WITHDRAW
  // created with the reserve's private key.
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Fee that is charged for withdraw.
  withdraw_fee: Amount;
 }
interface ReserveCreditTransaction {
  type: "CREDIT";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // Amount deposited.
  amount: Amount;

  // Sender account payto:// URL.
  sender_account_url: string;

  // Opaque identifier internal to the exchange that
  // uniquely identifies the wire transfer that credited the reserve.
  wire_reference: Integer;

  // Timestamp of the incoming wire transfer.
  timestamp: Timestamp;
}
interface ReserveClosingTransaction {
  type: "CLOSING";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // Closing balance.
  amount: Amount;

  // Closing fee charged by the exchange.
  closing_fee: Amount;

  // Wire transfer subject.
  wtid: Base32;

  // payto:// URI of the wire account into which the funds were returned to.
  receiver_account_details: string;

  // This is a signature over a
  // struct TALER_ReserveCloseConfirmationPS with purpose
  // TALER_SIGNATURE_EXCHANGE_RESERVE_CLOSED.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Public key used to create 'exchange_sig'.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Time when the reserve was closed.
  timestamp: Timestamp;
}
interface ReserveOpenRequestTransaction {
  type: "OPEN";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // Open fee paid from the reserve.
  open_fee: Amount;

  // This is a signature over
  // a struct TALER_ReserveOpenPS with purpose
  // TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_RESERVE_OPEN.
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Timestamp of the open request.
  request_timestamp: Timestamp;

  // Requested expiration.
  requested_expiration: Timestamp;

  // Requested number of free open purses.
  requested_min_purses: Integer;

}
interface ReserveCloseRequestTransaction {
  type: "CLOSE";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // This is a signature over
  // a struct TALER_ReserveClosePS with purpose
  // TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_RESERVE_CLOSE.
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Target account payto://, optional.
  h_payto?: PaytoHash;

  // Timestamp of the close request.
  request_timestamp: Timestamp;
}
interface PurseMergeTransaction {
  type: "MERGE";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // SHA-512 hash of the contact of the purse.
  h_contract_terms: HashCode;

  // EdDSA public key used to approve merges of this purse.
  merge_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Minimum age required for all coins deposited into the purse.
  min_age: Integer;

  // Number that identifies who created the purse
  // and how it was paid for.
  flags: Integer;

  // Purse public key.
  purse_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // EdDSA signature of the account/reserve affirming the merge
  // over a TALER_AccountMergeSignaturePS.
  // Must be of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_ACCOUNT_MERGE
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Client-side timestamp of when the merge request was made.
  merge_timestamp: Timestamp;

  // Indicative time by which the purse should expire
  // if it has not been merged into an account. At this
  // point, all of the deposits made should be
  // auto-refunded.
  purse_expiration: Timestamp;

  // Purse fee the reserve owner paid for the purse creation.
  purse_fee: Amount;

  // Total amount merged into the reserve.
  // (excludes fees).
  amount: Amount;

  // True if the purse was actually merged.
  // If false, only the purse_fee has an impact
  // on the reserve balance!
  merged: boolean;
}

1.3.8. Coin History

GET /coins/$COIN_PUB/history

Obtain the transaction history of a coin. Used only in special cases, like when the exchange claims a double-spending error and the wallet does not believe it. Usually, the wallet knows the transaction history of each coin and thus has no need to inquire.

Request:

The GET request should come with the following HTTP headers:

If-None-Match: The client MAY provide an If-None-Match header with an Etag. In that case, the server MUST additionally respond with an 304 status code in case the coin history matches the provided Etag.

Taler-Coin-History-Signature: The client MUST provide Base-32 encoded

EdDSA signature over a TALER_SIGNATURE_COIN_HISTORY_REQUEST made with the respective $RESERVE_PRIV, affirming desire to download the current coin transaction history.

query start=OFFSET:

Optional. Only return coin history entries with offsets above the given OFFSET. Allows clients to not retrieve history entries they already have.

Response:

200 OK:

The operation succeeded, the exchange confirms that no double-spending took place. The response will include a CoinHistoryResponse object.

204 No content:

The reserve history is known, but at this point from the given starting point it is empty. Can only happen if OFFSET was positive.

304 Not modified:

The coin history has not changed since the previous query (detected via Etag in “If-none-match” header).

403 Forbidden:

The TALER_SIGNATURE_COIN_HISTORY_REQUEST is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not found:

The coin public key is not (yet) known to the exchange.

interface CoinHistoryResponse {
  // Current balance of the coin.
  balance: Amount;

  // Hash of the coin's denomination.
  h_denom_pub: HashCode;

  // Transaction history for the coin.
  history: CoinSpendHistoryItem[];
}
interface CoinDepositTransaction {
  type: "DEPOSIT";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // The total amount of the coin's value absorbed (or restored in the
  // case of a refund) by this transaction.
  // The amount given includes
  // the deposit fee. The current coin value can thus be computed by
  // subtracting this amount.
  amount: Amount;

  // Deposit fee.
  deposit_fee: Amount;

  // Public key of the merchant.
  merchant_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Date when the operation was made.
  timestamp: Timestamp;

  // Date until which the merchant can issue a refund to the customer via the
  // exchange, possibly zero if refunds are not allowed.
  refund_deadline?: Timestamp;

  // Signature over TALER_DepositRequestPS, made by the customer with the
  // coin's private key.
  coin_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Hash of the bank account from where we received the funds.
  h_wire: HashCode;

  // Hash of the public denomination key used to sign the coin.
  // Needed because 'coin_sig' signs over this, and
  // that is important to fix the coin's denomination.
  h_denom_pub: HashCode;

  // Hash over the proposal data of the contract that
  // is being paid.
  h_contract_terms: HashCode;

}
interface CoinMeltTransaction {
  type: "MELT";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // The total amount of the coin's value absorbed by this transaction.
  // Note that for melt this means the amount given includes
  // the melt fee. The current coin value can thus be computed by
  // subtracting the amounts.
  amount: Amount;

  // Signature by the coin over a
  // TALER_RefreshMeltCoinAffirmationPS of
  // purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_COIN_MELT.
  coin_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Melt fee.
  melt_fee: Amount;

  // Commitment from the melt operation.
  rc: TALER_RefreshCommitmentP;

  // Hash of the public denomination key used to sign the coin.
  // Needed because 'coin_sig' signs over this, and
  // that is important to fix the coin's denomination.
  h_denom_pub: HashCode;

}
interface CoinRefundTransaction {
  type: "REFUND";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // The total amount of the coin's value restored
  // by this transaction.
  // The amount given excludes the transaction fee.
  // The current coin value can thus be computed by
  // adding the amounts to the coin's denomination value.
  amount: Amount;

  // Refund fee.
  refund_fee: Amount;

  // Hash over the proposal data of the contract that
  // is being refunded.
  h_contract_terms: HashCode;

  // Refund transaction ID.
  rtransaction_id: Integer;

  // EdDSA Signature authorizing the REFUND over a
  // TALER_MerchantRefundConfirmationPS with
  // purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MERCHANT_REFUND_OK. Made with
  // the public key of the merchant.
  merchant_sig: EddsaSignature;

}
interface CoinRecoupTransaction {
  type: "RECOUP";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // The total amount of the coin's value absorbed
  // by this transaction.
  // The current coin value can thus be computed by
  // subtracting the amount from
  // the coin's denomination value.
  amount: Amount;

  // Date when the operation was made.
  timestamp: Timestamp;

  // Signature by the coin over a
  // TALER_RecoupRequestPS with purpose
  // TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_COIN_RECOUP.
  coin_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Hash of the public denomination key used to sign the coin.
  // Needed because 'coin_sig' signs over this, and
  // that is important to fix the coin's denomination.
  h_denom_pub: HashCode;

  // Coin blinding key.
  coin_blind: DenominationBlindingKeyP;

  // Reserve receiving the recoup.
  reserve_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Signature by the exchange over a
  // TALER_RecoupConfirmationPS, must be
  // of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_EXCHANGE_CONFIRM_RECOUP.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Public key of the private key used to create 'exchange_sig'.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

}
interface CoinOldCoinRecoupTransaction {
  type: "OLD-COIN-RECOUP";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // The total amount of the coin's value restored
  // by this transaction.
  // The current coin value can thus be computed by
  // adding the amount to the coin's denomination value.
  amount: Amount;

  // Date when the operation was made.
  timestamp: Timestamp;

  // Signature by the exchange over a
  // TALER_RecoupRefreshConfirmationPS
  // of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_EXCHANGE_CONFIRM_RECOUP_REFRESH.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Public key of the private key used to create 'exchange_sig'.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

}
interface CoinRecoupRefreshTransaction {
  type: "RECOUP-REFRESH";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // The total amount of the coin's value absorbed
  // by this transaction.
  // The current coin value can thus be computed by
  // subtracting this amounts from
  // the coin's denomination value.
  amount: Amount;

  // Date when the operation was made.
  timestamp: Timestamp;

  // Signature by the coin over a TALER_RecoupRequestPS
  // with purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_COIN_RECOUP.
  coin_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Hash of the public denomination key used to sign the coin.
  // Needed because 'coin_sig' signs over this, and
  // that is important to fix the coin's denomination.
  h_denom_pub: HashCode;

  // Coin blinding key.
  coin_blind: DenominationBlindingKeyP;

  // Signature by the exchange over a
  // TALER_RecoupRefreshConfirmationPS
  // of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_EXCHANGE_CONFIRM_RECOUP_REFRESH.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Public key used to sign 'exchange_sig'.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Blinding factor of the revoked new coin.
  new_coin_blinding_secret: DenominationBlindingKeySecret;

  // Blinded public key of the revoked new coin.
  new_coin_ev: DenominationBlindingKeySecret;
}
interface CoinPurseDepositTransaction {
  type: "PURSE-DEPOSIT";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // The total amount of the coin's value absorbed
  // by this transaction.
  // Note that this means the amount given includes
  // the deposit fee. The current coin value can thus be computed by
  // subtracting the amount from
  // the coin's denomination value.
  amount: Amount;

  // Deposit fee.
  deposit_fee: Amount;

  // Public key of the purse.
  purse_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Date when the purse was set to expire.
  purse_expiration: Timestamp;

  // Signature by the coin over a
  // TALER_PurseDepositSignaturePS of
  // purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_PURSE_DEPOSIT.
  coin_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Hash of the public denomination key used to sign the coin.
  // Needed because 'coin_sig' signs over this, and
  // that is important to fix the coin's denomination.
  h_denom_pub: HashCode;

}
interface CoinPurseRefundTransaction {
  type: "PURSE-REFUND";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // The total amount of the coin's value restored
  // by this transaction.
  // The amount given excludes the refund fee.
  // The current coin value can thus be computed by
  // adding the amount to the coin's denomination value.
  amount: Amount;

  // Refund fee (of the coin's denomination). The deposit
  // fee will be waived.
  refund_fee: Amount;

  // Public key of the purse that expired.
  purse_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Signature by the exchange over a
  // TALER_CoinPurseRefundConfirmationPS
  // of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_EXCHANGE_CONFIRM_PURSE_REFUND.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

 // Public key used to sign 'exchange_sig'.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

}
interface CoinReserveOpenDepositTransaction {
  type: "RESERVE-OPEN-DEPOSIT";

  // Offset of this entry in the reserve history.
  // Useful to request incremental histories via
  // the "start" query parameter.
  history_offset: Integer;

  // The total amount of the coin's value absorbed
  // by this transaction.
  // Note that this means the amount given includes
  // the deposit fee.
  coin_contribution: Amount;

  // Signature of the reserve open operation being paid for.
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Signature by the coin over a
  // TALER_ReserveOpenDepositSignaturePS of
  // purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_RESERVE_OPEN_DEPOSIT.
  coin_sig: EddsaSignature;

}

1.3.9. Deposit

Deposit operations are requested f.e. by a merchant during a transaction or a bidder during an auction.

For the deposit operation during purchase, the merchant has to obtain the deposit permission for a coin from their customer who owns the coin. When depositing a coin, the merchant is credited an amount specified in the deposit permission, possibly a fraction of the total coin’s value, minus the deposit fee as specified by the coin’s denomination.

For auctions, a bidder performs an deposit operation and provides all relevant information for the auction policy (such as timeout and public key as bidder) and can use the exchange_sig field from the DepositSuccess message as a proof to the seller for the escrow of sufficient fund.

POST /batch-deposit

Deposit multiple coins and ask the exchange to transfer the given Amounts into the merchant’s bank account. This API is used by the merchant to redeem the digital coins.

Request:

The request body must be a BatchDepositRequest object.

Response:

200 OK:

The operation succeeded, the exchange confirms that no double-spending took place. The response will include a DepositSuccess object.

403 Forbidden:

One of the signatures is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not found:

Either one of the denomination keys is not recognized (expired or invalid), or the wire type is not recognized. If a denomination key is unknown, the response will be a DenominationUnknownMessage.

409 Conflict:

The deposit operation has either failed because a coin has insufficient residual value, or because the same public key of a coin has been previously used with a different denomination. Which case it is can be decided by looking at the error code:

  1. TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_DEPOSIT_CONFLICTING_CONTRACT (same coin used in different ways),

  2. TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_GENERIC_INSUFFICIENT_FUNDS (balance insufficient),

  3. TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_GENERIC_COIN_CONFLICTING_DENOMINATION_KEY (same coin public key, but different denomination).

  4. TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_GENERIC_COIN_CONFLICTING_AGE_HASH (same coin public key, but different age commitment).

The request should not be repeated again with this coin. Instead, the client can get from the exchange via the /coin/$COIN_PUB/history endpoint the record of the transactions known for this coin’s public key.

410 Gone:

The requested denomination key is not yet or no longer valid. It either before the validity start, past the expiration or was revoked. The response is a DenominationExpiredMessage. Clients must evaluate the error code provided to understand which of the cases this is and handle it accordingly.

Details:

interface BatchDepositRequest {

  // The merchant's account details.
  merchant_payto_uri: string;

  // The salt is used to hide the payto_uri from customers
  // when computing the h_wire of the merchant.
  wire_salt: WireSalt;

  // SHA-512 hash of the contract of the merchant with the customer.  Further
  // details are never disclosed to the exchange.
  h_contract_terms: HashCode;

  // The list of coins that are going to be deposited with this Request.
  coins: BatchDepositRequestCoin[];

  // Timestamp when the contract was finalized.
  timestamp: Timestamp;

  // Indicative time by which the exchange undertakes to transfer the funds to
  // the merchant, in case of successful payment. A wire transfer deadline of 'never'
  // is not allowed.
  wire_transfer_deadline: Timestamp;

  // EdDSA public key of the merchant, so that the client can identify the
  // merchant for refund requests.
  merchant_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Date until which the merchant can issue a refund to the customer via the
  // exchange, to be omitted if refunds are not allowed.
  //
  // THIS FIELD WILL BE DEPRICATED, once the refund mechanism becomes a
  // policy via extension.
  refund_deadline?: Timestamp;

  // CAVEAT: THIS IS WORK IN PROGRESS
  // (Optional) policy for the batch-deposit.
  // This might be a refund, auction or escrow policy.
  policy?: DepositPolicy;
}
interface BatchDepositRequestCoin {
  // EdDSA public key of the coin being deposited.
  coin_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Hash of denomination RSA key with which the coin is signed.
  denom_pub_hash: HashCode;

  // Exchange's unblinded RSA signature of the coin.
  ub_sig: DenominationSignature;

  // Amount to be deposited, can be a fraction of the
  // coin's total value.
  contribution: Amount;

  // Signature over TALER_DepositRequestPS, made by the customer with the
  // coin's private key.
  coin_sig: EddsaSignature;
}
type DenominationSignature =
  | RsaDenominationSignature
  | CSDenominationSignature;
interface RsaDenominationSignature {
  cipher: "RSA";

  // RSA signature
  rsa_signature: RsaSignature;
}
interface CSDenominationSignature {
  type: "CS";

  // R value component of the signature.
  cs_signature_r: Cs25519Point;

  // s value component of the signature.
  cs_signature_s: Cs25519Scalar;

}
// CAVEAT: THIS IS STILL WORK IN PROGRESS.
// This policy is optional and might not be supported by the exchange.
// If it does, the exchange MUST show support for this policy in the
// extensions field in the response to /keys.
interface PolicyMerchantRefund {
  type: "merchant_refund";

  // EdDSA public key of the merchant, so that the client
  // can identify the merchant for refund requests.
  merchant_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Date until which the merchant can issue a refund to the customer via
  // the /extensions/policy_refund-endpoint of the exchange.
  deadline: Timestamp;
}
// CAVEAT: THIS IS STILL WORK IN PROGRESS.
// This policy is optional and might not be supported by the exchange.
// If it does, the exchange MUST show support for this policy in the
// extensions field in the response to /keys.
interface PolicyBrandtVickreyAuction {
  type: "brandt_vickrey_auction";

  // Public key of this bidder.
  //
  // The bidder uses this key to sign the auction information and
  // the messages it sends to the seller during the auction.
  bidder_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Hash of the auction terms
  //
  // The hash should be taken over a normalized JSON object of type
  // BrandtVickreyAuction.
  h_auction: HashCode;

  // The amount that this bidder commits to for this auction
  //
  // This amount can be larger than the contribution of a single coin.
  // The bidder can increase funding of this auction policy by using
  // sufficiently many coins during the deposit operation (single or batch)
  // with the same policy.
  commitment: Amount;

  // Date until the auction must have been successfully executed and
  // a valid transcript provided to the
  // /extensions/policy_brandt_vickrey_auction-endpoint of the
  // exchange.
  //
  // [If the auction has not been executed by then] OR [has been executed
  // before then, but this bidder did not win], the coin's value doesn't
  // change and the owner can refresh the coin.
  //
  // If this bidder won the auction, the winning price/amount from the
  // outcome will be substracted from the coin and transfered to the
  // merchant's payout_uri from the deposit request (minus a potential
  // auction fee).  For any remaining value, the bidder can refresh the
  // coin to retrieve change.
  deadline: Timestamp;
}
// CAVEAT: THIS IS STILL WORK IN PROGRESS.
// This structure defines an auction of Brandt-Vickory kind.
// It is used for the PolicyBrandtVickreyAuction.
interface BrandtVickreyAuction {
  // Start date of the auction
  time_start: Timestamp;

  // Maximum duration per round.  There are four rounds in an auction of
  // Brandt-Vickrey kind.
  time_round: RelativeTime;

  // This integer m refers to the (m+1)-type of the Brandt-Vickrey-auction.
  // - Type 0 refers to an auction with one highest-price winner,
  // - Type 1 refers to an auction with one winner, paying the second
  //   highest price,
  // - Type 2 refers to an auction with two winners, paying
  //   the third-highest price,
  // - etc.
  auction_type: number;

  // The vector of prices for the Brandt-Vickrey auction.  The values MUST
  // be in strictly increasing order.
  prices: Amount[];

  // The type of outcome of the auction.
  // In case the auction is declared public, each bidder can calculate the
  // winning price.  This field is not relevant for the replay of a
  // transcript, as the transcript must be provided by the seller who sees
  // the winner(s) and winning price of the auction.
  outcome_public: boolean;

  // The public key of the seller.
  pubkey: EddsaPublicKey;

  // The seller's account details.
  payto_uri: string;
}
// CAVEAT: THIS IS STILL WORK IN PROGRESS
// This policy is optional and might not be supported by the exchange.
// If it does, the exchange MUST show support for this policy in the
// extensions field in the response to /keys.
interface PolicyEscrowedPayment {
  type: "escrowed_payment";

  // Public key of this trustor, the owner of the coins.
  //
  // To claim the deposit, the merchant must provide the valid signature
  // of the h_contract_terms field from the deposit, signed by _this_
  // key, to the /extensions/policy_escrow-endpoint of the exchange,
  // after the date specified in not_before and before the date
  // specified in not_after.
  trustor_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Latest date by which the deposit must be claimed.  If the deposit
  // has not been claimed by that date, the deposited coins can be
  // refreshed by the (still) owner.
  deadline: Timestamp;
}

The deposit operation succeeds if the coin is valid for making a deposit and has enough residual value that has not already been deposited or melted.

 interface DepositSuccess {
  // Optional base URL of the exchange for looking up wire transfers
  // associated with this transaction.  If not given,
  // the base URL is the same as the one used for this request.
  // Can be used if the base URL for /transactions/ differs from that
  // for /coins/, i.e. for load balancing.  Clients SHOULD
  // respect the transaction_base_url if provided.  Any HTTP server
  // belonging to an exchange MUST generate a 307 or 308 redirection
  // to the correct base URL should a client uses the wrong base
  // URL, or if the base URL has changed since the deposit.
  transaction_base_url?: string;

  // Timestamp when the deposit was received by the exchange.
  exchange_timestamp: Timestamp;

  // Public EdDSA key of the exchange that was used to
  // generate the signature.
  // Should match one of the exchange's signing keys from /keys.  It is given
  // explicitly as the client might otherwise be confused by clock skew as to
  // which signing key was used.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Deposit confirmation signature from the exchange.
  // The EdDSA signature of TALER_DepositConfirmationPS using a current
  // signing key of the exchange affirming the successful
  // deposit and that the exchange will transfer the funds after the refund
  // deadline, or as soon as possible if the refund deadline is zero.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;
}
interface DepositDoubleSpendError {

  // Must be TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_GENERIC_INSUFFICIENT_FUNDS
  code: Integer;

  // A string explaining that the user tried to
  // double-spend.
  hint: string;

  // EdDSA public key of a coin being double-spent.
  coin_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Transaction history for the coin that is
  // being double-spended.
  // DEPRECATED! Will be removed soon. Use
  // GET /coins/$COIN_PUB to get the history!
  history: CoinSpendHistoryItem[];
}

1.3.10. Refreshing

Refreshing creates n new coins from m old coins, where the sum of denominations of the new coins must be smaller than the sum of the old coins’ denominations plus melting (refresh) and withdrawal fees charged by the exchange. The refreshing API can be used by wallets to melt partially spent coins, making transactions with the freshly exchangeed coins unlinkabe to previous transactions by anyone except the wallet itself.

However, the new coins are linkable from the private keys of all old coins using the /refresh/link request. While /refresh/link must be implemented by the exchange to achieve taxability, wallets do not really ever need that part of the API during normal operation.

POST /csr-melt

Obtain exchange-side input values in preparation for a melt step for certain denomination cipher types, specifically at this point for Clause-Schnorr blind signatures.

Request: The request body must be a MeltPrepareRequest object.

Response:

200 OK:

The request was successful, and the response is a MeltPrepareResponse. Note that repeating exactly the same request will again yield the same response (assuming none of the denomination is expired).

404 Not found:

A denomination key is not known to the exchange.

410 Gone:

A requested denomination key is not yet or no longer valid. It either before the validity start, past the expiration or was revoked. The response is a DenominationExpiredMessage. Clients must evaluate the error code provided to understand which of the cases this is and handle it accordingly.

Details:

interface MeltPrepareRequest {

  // Master seed for the Clause-schnorr R-value
  // creation.
  // Must not have been used in any prior request.
  rms: RefreshMasterSeed;

  // Array of denominations and coin offsets for
  // each of the fresh coins with a CS-cipher
  // denomination.
  nks: MeltPrepareDenomNonce[];

}
interface MeltPrepareDenomNonce {

  // Offset of this coin in the list of
  // fresh coins. May not match the array offset
  // as the fresh coins may include non-CS
  // denominations as well.
  coin_offset: Integer;

  // Hash of the public key of the denomination the
  // request relates to. Must be a CS denomination type.
  denom_pub_hash: HashCode;
}
interface MeltPrepareResponse {
  // Responses for each request, in the same
  // order that was used in the request.
  ewvs: ExchangeWithdrawValue[];
}
POST /coins/$COIN_PUB/melt

“Melts” a coin. Invalidates the coins and prepares for exchanging of fresh coins. Taler uses a global parameter kappa for the cut-and-choose component of the protocol, for which this request is the commitment. Thus, various arguments are given kappa-times in this step. At present kappa is always 3.

The base URL for /coins/-requests may differ from the main base URL of the exchange. The exchange MUST return a 307 or 308 redirection to the correct base URL if this is the case.

200 OK:

The request was successful. The response body is MeltResponse in this case.

403 Forbidden:

One of the signatures is invalid.

404 Not found:

The exchange does not recognize the denomination key as belonging to the exchange, or it has expired. If the denomination key is unknown, the response will be a DenominationUnknownMessage.

409 Conflict:

The operation is not allowed as the coin has insufficient residual value, or because the same public key of the coin has been previously used with a different denomination. Which case it is can be decided by looking at the error code (TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_GENERIC_INSUFFICIENT_FUNDS or TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_GENERIC_COIN_CONFLICTING_DENOMINATION_KEY). The response is MeltForbiddenResponse in both cases.

410 Gone:

The requested denomination key is not yet or no longer valid. It either before the validity start, past the expiration or was revoked. The response is a DenominationExpiredMessage. Clients must evaluate the error code provided to understand which of the cases this is and handle it accordingly.

Details:

interface MeltRequest {

  // Hash of the denomination public key, to determine total coin value.
  denom_pub_hash: HashCode;

  // Signature over the coin public key by the denomination.
  denom_sig: DenominationSignature;

  // Signature by the coin over the melt commitment.
  confirm_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Amount of the value of the coin that should be melted as part of
  // this refresh operation, including melting fee.
  value_with_fee: Amount;

  // Melt commitment.  Hash over the various coins to be withdrawn.
  // See also TALER_refresh_get_commitment().
  rc: HashCode;

  // Master seed for the Clause-schnorr R-value
  // creation. Must match the /csr-melt request.
  // Must not have been used in any prior melt request.
  // Must be present if one of the fresh coin's
  // denominations is of type Clause-Schnorr.
  rms?: RefreshMasterSeed;

  // IFF the denomination has age restriction support, the client MUST
  // provide the SHA256 hash of the age commitment of the coin.
  // MUST be omitted otherwise.
  age_commitment_hash?: AgeCommitmentHash;
}

For details about the HKDF used to derive the new coin private keys and the blinding factors from ECDHE between the transfer public keys and the private key of the melted coin, please refer to the implementation in libtalerutil.

interface MeltResponse {
  // Which of the kappa indices does the client not have to reveal.
  noreveal_index: Integer;

  // Signature of TALER_RefreshMeltConfirmationPS whereby the exchange
  // affirms the successful melt and confirming the noreveal_index.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Public EdDSA key of the exchange that was used to generate the signature.
  // Should match one of the exchange's signing keys from /keys.  Again given
  // explicitly as the client might otherwise be confused by clock skew as to
  // which signing key was used.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Base URL to use for operations on the refresh context
  // (so the reveal operation).  If not given,
  // the base URL is the same as the one used for this request.
  // Can be used if the base URL for /refreshes/ differs from that
  // for /coins/, i.e. for load balancing.  Clients SHOULD
  // respect the refresh_base_url if provided.  Any HTTP server
  // belonging to an exchange MUST generate a 307 or 308 redirection
  // to the correct base URL should a client uses the wrong base
  // URL, or if the base URL has changed since the melt.
  //
  // When melting the same coin twice (technically allowed
  // as the response might have been lost on the network),
  // the exchange may return different values for the refresh_base_url.
  refresh_base_url?: string;

}
interface MeltForbiddenResponse {
  // Text describing the error.
  hint: string;

  // Detailed error code.
  code: Integer;

  // The transaction list of the respective coin that failed to have sufficient funds left.
  // Note that only the transaction history for one bogus coin is given,
  // even if multiple coins would have failed the check.
  history: CoinSpendHistoryItem[];
}
POST /refreshes/$RCH/reveal

Reveal previously committed values to the exchange, except for the values corresponding to the noreveal_index returned by the /coins/-melt step.

The $RCH is the hash over the refresh commitment from the /coins/-melt step (note that the value is calculated independently by both sides and has never appeared explicitly in the protocol before).

The base URL for /refreshes/-requests may differ from the main base URL of the exchange. Clients SHOULD respect the refresh_base_url returned for the coin during melt operations. The exchange MUST return a 307 or 308 redirection to the correct base URL if the client failed to respect the refresh_base_url or if the allocation has changed.

Errors such as failing to do proper arithmetic when it comes to calculating the total of the coin values and fees are simply reported as bad requests. This includes issues such as melting the same coin twice in the same session, which is simply not allowed. However, theoretically it is possible to melt a coin twice, as long as the value_with_fee of the two melting operations is not larger than the total remaining value of the coin before the melting operations. Nevertheless, this is not really useful.

200 OK:

The transfer private keys matched the commitment and the original request was well-formed. The response body is a RevealResponse.

409 Conflict:

There is a problem between the original commitment and the revealed private keys. The returned information is proof of the mismatch, and therefore rather verbose, as it includes most of the original /refresh/melt request, but of course expected to be primarily used for diagnostics. The response body is a RevealConflictResponse.

410 Gone:

The requested denomination key (for the fresh coins) is not yet or no longer valid. It either before the validity start, past the expiration or was revoked. The response is a DenominationExpiredMessage. Clients must evaluate the error code provided to understand which of the cases this is and handle it accordingly.

Details:

Request body contains a JSON object with the following fields:

interface RevealRequest {

  // Array of n new hash codes of denomination public keys to order.
  new_denoms_h: HashCode[];

  // Array of n entries with blinded coins,
  // matching the respective entries in new_denoms.
  coin_evs: CoinEnvelope[];

  // kappa - 1 transfer private keys (ephemeral ECDHE keys).
  transfer_privs: EddsaPrivateKey[];

  // Transfer public key at the noreveal_index.
  transfer_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Array of n signatures made by the wallet using the old coin's private key,
  // used later to verify the /refresh/link response from the exchange.
  // Signs over a TALER_CoinLinkSignaturePS.
  link_sigs: EddsaSignature[];

  // IFF the corresponding denomination has support for age restriction,
  // the client MUST provide the original age commitment, i. e. the
  // vector of public keys.
  // The size of the vector MUST be the number of age groups as defined by the
  // Exchange in the field .age_groups of the extension age_restriction.
  old_age_commitment?: Edx25519PublicKey[];

}
type RevealResponse = BatchWithdrawResponse;
interface RevealConflictResponse {
  // Text describing the error.
  hint: string;

  // Detailed error code.
  code: Integer;

  // Commitment as calculated by the exchange from the revealed data.
  rc_expected: HashCode;

}

Link the old public key of a melted coin to the coin(s) that were exchanged during the refresh operation.

Request:

Response:

200 OK:

All commitments were revealed successfully. The exchange returns an array (typically consisting of only one element), in which each each element of the array contains a LinkResponse entry with information about a melting session that the coin was used in.

404 Not found:

The exchange has no linkage data for the given public key, as the coin has not yet been involved in a refresh operation.

Details:

interface LinkResponse {
  // Transfer ECDHE public key corresponding to the coin_pub, used to
  // compute the blinding factor and private key of the fresh coins.
  transfer_pub: EcdhePublicKey;

  // Array with (encrypted/blinded) information for each of the coins
  // exchangeed in the refresh operation.
  new_coins: NewCoinInfo[];
}
interface NewCoinInfo {
  // RSA public key of the exchangeed coin.
  denom_pub: RsaPublicKey;

  // Exchange's blinded signature over the fresh coin.
  ev_sig: BlindedDenominationSignature;

  // Blinded coin.
  coin_ev : CoinEnvelope;

  // Values contributed by the exchange during the
  // withdraw operation (see /csr-melt).
  ewv: ExchangeWithdrawValue;

  // Offset of this coin in the refresh operation.
  // Input needed to derive the private key.
  coin_idx: Integer;

  // Signature made by the old coin over the refresh request.
  // Signs over a TALER_CoinLinkSignaturePS.
  link_sig: EddsaSignature;

}

1.3.11. Recoup

This API is only used if the exchange is either about to go out of business or has had its private signing keys compromised (so in either case, the protocol is only used in abnormal situations). In the above cases, the exchange signals to the wallets that the emergency cash back protocol has been activated by putting the affected denomination keys into the cash-back part of the /keys response. If and only if this has happened, coins that were signed with those denomination keys can be cashed in using this API.

POST /coins/$COIN_PUB/recoup

Demand that a coin be refunded via wire transfer to the original owner.

The base URL for /coins/-requests may differ from the main base URL of the exchange. The exchange MUST return a 307 or 308 redirection to the correct base URL if this is the case.

The remaining amount on the coin will be credited to the reserve that $COIN_PUB was withdrawn from.

Note that the original withdrawal fees will not be recouped.

Request: The request body must be a RecoupRequest object.

Response:

200 OK:

The request was successful, and the response is a RecoupWithdrawalConfirmation. Note that repeating exactly the same request will again yield the same response, so if the network goes down during the transaction or before the client can commit the coin signature to disk, the coin is not lost.

403 Forbidden:

The coin’s signature is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not found:

The denomination key is unknown, or the blinded coin is not known to have been withdrawn. If the denomination key is unknown, the response will be a DenominationUnknownMessage.

409 Conflict:

The operation is not allowed as the coin has insufficient residual value, or because the same public key of the coin has been previously used with a different denomination. Which case it is can be decided by looking at the error code (usually TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_GENERIC_INSUFFICIENT_FUNDS). The response is a DepositDoubleSpendError.

410 Gone:

The requested denomination key is not yet or no longer valid. It either before the validity start, past the expiration or was not yet revoked. The response is a DenominationExpiredMessage. Clients must evaluate the error code provided to understand which of the cases this is and handle it accordingly.

Details:

interface RecoupRequest {
  // Hash of denomination public key, specifying the type of coin the client
  // would like the exchange to pay back.
  denom_pub_hash: HashCode;

  // Signature over the coin public key by the denomination.
  denom_sig: DenominationSignature;

  // Exchange-contributed values during the refresh
  // operation (see /csr-withdraw).
  ewv: ExchangeWithdrawValue;

  // Signature of TALER_RecoupRequestPS created with
  // the coin's private key.
  coin_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Coin's blinding factor.
  coin_blind_key_secret: DenominationBlindingKeySecret;

  // Nonce that was used by the exchange to derive
  // its private inputs from during withdraw. Only
  // present if the cipher of the revoked denomination
  // is of type Clause-Schnorr (CS).
  cs_nonce?: CSNonce;
}
interface RecoupWithdrawalConfirmation {
  // Public key of the reserve that will receive the recoup.
  reserve_pub: EddsaPublicKey;
}
POST /coins/$COIN_PUB/recoup-refresh

Demand that a coin be refunded via wire transfer to the original owner.

The base URL for /coins/-requests may differ from the main base URL of the exchange. The exchange MUST return a 307 or 308 redirection to the correct base URL if this is the case.

The remaining amount on the coin will be credited to the old coin that $COIN_PUB was refreshed from.

Note that the original refresh fees will not be recouped.

Request: The request body must be a RecoupRefreshRequest object.

Response:

200 OK:

The request was successful, and the response is a RecoupRefreshConfirmation. Note that repeating exactly the same request will again yield the same response, so if the network goes down during the transaction or before the client can commit the coin signature to disk, the coin is not lost.

403 Forbidden:

The coin’s signature is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not found:

The denomination key is unknown, or the blinded coin is not known to have been withdrawn. If the denomination key is unknown, the response will be a DenominationUnknownMessage.

409 Conflict:

The operation is not allowed as the coin has insufficient residual value, or because the same public key of the coin has been previously used with a different denomination. Which case it is can be decided by looking at the error code (usually TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_GENERIC_INSUFFICIENT_BALANCE). The response is a DepositDoubleSpendError.

410 Gone:

The requested denomination key is not yet or no longer valid. It either before the validity start, past the expiration or was not yet revoked. The response is a DenominationExpiredMessage. Clients must evaluate the error code provided to understand which of the cases this is and handle it accordingly.

Details:

interface RecoupRefreshRequest {
  // Hash of denomination public key, specifying the type of coin the client
  // would like the exchange to pay back.
  denom_pub_hash: HashCode;

  // Signature over the coin public key by the denomination.
  denom_sig: DenominationSignature;

  // Exchange-contributed values during the refresh
  // operation (see /csr-melt).
  ewv: ExchangeWithdrawValue;

  // Signature of TALER_RecoupRequestPS created with
  // the coin's private key.
  coin_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Coin's blinding factor.
  coin_blind_key_secret: DenominationBlindingKeySecret;

  // Nonce that was used by the exchange to derive
  // its private inputs from during withdraw. Only
  // present if the cipher of the revoked denomination
  // is of type Clause-Schnorr (CS).
  cs_nonce?: CSNonce;
}
interface RecoupRefreshConfirmation {
  // Public key of the old coin that will receive the recoup.
  old_coin_pub: EddsaPublicKey;
}

1.3.12. Tracking wire transfers

This API is used by merchants that need to find out which wire transfers (from the exchange to the merchant) correspond to which deposit operations. Typically, a merchant will receive a wire transfer with a wire transfer identifier and want to know the set of deposit operations that correspond to this wire transfer. This is the preferred query that merchants should make for each wire transfer they receive. If a merchant needs to investigate a specific deposit operation (i.e. because it seems that it was not paid), then the merchant can also request the wire transfer identifier for a deposit operation.

Sufficient information is returned to verify that the coin signatures are correct. This also allows governments to use this API when doing a tax audit on merchants.

Naturally, the returned information may be sensitive for the merchant. We do not require the merchant to sign the request, as the same requests may also be performed by the government auditing a merchant. However, wire transfer identifiers should have sufficient entropy to ensure that obtaining a successful reply by brute-force is not practical. Nevertheless, the merchant should protect the wire transfer identifiers from his bank statements against unauthorized access, lest his income situation is revealed to an adversary. (This is not a major issue, as an adversary that has access to the line-items of bank statements can typically also view the balance.)

GET /transfers/$WTID

Provides deposits associated with a given wire transfer. The wire transfer identifier (WTID) and the base URL for tracking the wire transfer are both given in the wire transfer subject.

Request:

Response:

200 OK:

The wire transfer is known to the exchange, details about it follow in the body. The body of the response is a TrackTransferResponse.

404 Not found:

The wire transfer identifier is unknown to the exchange.

interface TrackTransferResponse {
  // Actual amount of the wire transfer, excluding the wire fee.
  total: Amount;

  // Applicable wire fee that was charged.
  wire_fee: Amount;

  // Public key of the merchant (identical for all deposits).
  merchant_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Hash of the payto:// account URI (identical for all deposits).
  h_payto: PaytoHash;

  // Time of the execution of the wire transfer by the exchange.
  execution_time: Timestamp;

  // Details about the deposits.
  deposits: TrackTransferDetail[];

  // Signature from the exchange made with purpose
  // TALER_SIGNATURE_EXCHANGE_CONFIRM_WIRE_DEPOSIT
  // over a TALER_WireDepositDataPS.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Public EdDSA key of the exchange that was used to generate the signature.
  // Should match one of the exchange's signing keys from /keys.  Again given
  // explicitly as the client might otherwise be confused by clock skew as to
  // which signing key was used.
  exchange_pub: EddsaSignature;
}
interface TrackTransferDetail {
  // SHA-512 hash of the contact of the merchant with the customer.
  h_contract_terms: HashCode;

  // Coin's public key, both ECDHE and EdDSA.
  coin_pub: CoinPublicKey;

  // The total amount the original deposit was worth,
  // including fees and after applicable refunds.
  deposit_value: Amount;

  // Applicable fees for the deposit, possibly
  // reduced or waived due to refunds.
  deposit_fee: Amount;

  // Refunds that were applied to the value of
  // this coin. Optional.
  // Since protocol **v19**.  Before, refunds were
  // incorrectly still included in the
  // deposit_value (!).
  refund_total?: Amount;

}
GET /deposits/$H_WIRE/$MERCHANT_PUB/$H_CONTRACT_TERMS/$COIN_PUB

Provide the wire transfer identifier associated with an (existing) deposit operation. The arguments are the hash of the merchant’s payment details (H_WIRE), the merchant’s public key (EdDSA), the hash of the contract terms that were paid (H_CONTRACT_TERMS) and the public key of the coin used for the payment (COIN_PUB).

Request:

Query Parameters:
  • merchant_sig – EdDSA signature of the merchant made with purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_MERCHANT_TRACK_TRANSACTION over a TALER_DepositTrackPS, affirming that it is really the merchant who requires obtaining the wire transfer identifier.

  • timeout_ms=NUMBEROptional. If specified, the exchange will wait up to NUMBER milliseconds for completion of a deposit operation before sending the HTTP response.

Response:

200 OK:

The deposit has been executed by the exchange and we have a wire transfer identifier. The response body is a TrackTransactionResponse object.

202 Accepted:

The deposit request has been accepted for processing, but was not yet executed. Hence the exchange does not yet have a wire transfer identifier. The merchant should come back later and ask again. The response body is a TrackTransactionAcceptedResponse.

403 Forbidden:

A signature is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not found:

The deposit operation is unknown to the exchange.

Details:

interface TrackTransactionResponse {

  // Raw wire transfer identifier of the deposit.
  wtid: Base32;

  // When was the wire transfer given to the bank.
  execution_time: Timestamp;

  // The contribution of this coin to the total (without fees)
  coin_contribution: Amount;

  // Binary-only Signature_ with purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_EXCHANGE_CONFIRM_WIRE
  // over a TALER_ConfirmWirePS
  // whereby the exchange affirms the successful wire transfer.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Public EdDSA key of the exchange that was used to generate the signature.
  // Should match one of the exchange's signing keys from /keys.  Again given
  // explicitly as the client might otherwise be confused by clock skew as to
  // which signing key was used.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;
}
interface TrackTransactionAcceptedResponse {

  // Legitimization target that the merchant should
  // use to check for its KYC status using
  // the /kyc-check/$REQUIREMENT_ROW/... endpoint.
  // Optional, not present if the deposit has not
  // yet been aggregated to the point that a KYC
  // need has been evaluated.
  requirement_row?: Integer;

  // Current AML state for the target account. Non-zero
  // values indicate that the transfer is blocked due to
  // AML enforcement.
  // Removed in protocol **v20**.
  aml_decision: Integer;

  // True if the KYC check for the merchant has been
  // satisfied.  False does not mean that KYC
  // is strictly needed, unless also a
  // legitimization_uuid is provided.
  kyc_ok: boolean;

  // Time by which the exchange currently thinks the deposit will be executed.
  // Actual execution may be later if the KYC check is not satisfied by then.
  execution_time: Timestamp;
}

1.3.13. Refunds

POST /coins/$COIN_PUB/refund

Undo deposit of the given coin, restoring its value.

Request: The request body must be a RefundRequest object.

Response:

200 OK:

The operation succeeded, the exchange confirms that the coin can now be refreshed. The response will include a RefundSuccess object.

403 Forbidden:

Merchant signature is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not found:

The refund operation failed as we could not find a matching deposit operation (coin, contract, transaction ID and merchant public key must all match). This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

409 Conflict:

The exchange has previously received a refund request for the same coin, merchant and contract, but specifying a different amount for the same refund transaction ID. The response will be a RefundFailure object.

410 Gone:

It is too late for a refund by the exchange, the money was already sent to the merchant. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

412 Precondition failed:

The request transaction ID is identical to a previous refund request by the same merchant for the same coin and contract, but the refund amount differs. (The failed precondition is that the rtransaction_id is not unique.) The response will be a RefundFailure object with the conflicting refund request.

Details:

 interface RefundRequest {

  // Amount to be refunded, can be a fraction of the
  // coin's total deposit value (including deposit fee);
  // must be larger than the refund fee.
  refund_amount: Amount;

  // SHA-512 hash of the contact of the merchant with the customer.
  h_contract_terms: HashCode;

  // 64-bit transaction id of the refund transaction between merchant and customer.
  rtransaction_id: Integer;

  // EdDSA public key of the merchant.
  merchant_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // EdDSA signature of the merchant over a
  // TALER_RefundRequestPS with purpose
  // TALER_SIGNATURE_MERCHANT_REFUND
  // affirming the refund.
  merchant_sig: EddsaPublicKey;

}
 interface RefundSuccess {

   // The EdDSA :ref:signature (binary-only) with purpose
   // TALER_SIGNATURE_EXCHANGE_CONFIRM_REFUND over
   // a TALER_RecoupRefreshConfirmationPS
   // using a current signing key of the
   // exchange affirming the successful refund.
   exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

   // Public EdDSA key of the exchange that was used to generate the signature.
   // Should match one of the exchange's signing keys from /keys.  It is given
   // explicitly as the client might otherwise be confused by clock skew as to
   // which signing key was used.
   exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;
}
interface RefundFailure {

  // Numeric error code unique to the condition, which can be either
  // related to the deposit value being insufficient for the requested
  // refund(s), or the requested refund conflicting due to refund
  // transaction number re-use (with different amounts).
  code: Integer;

  // Human-readable description of the error message.
  hint: string;

  // Information about the conflicting refund request(s).
  // This will not be the full history of the coin, but only
  // the relevant subset of the transactions.
  history: CoinSpendHistoryItem[];
}

1.3.14. Wallet-to-wallet transfers

GET /purses/$PURSE_PUB/merge
GET /purses/$PURSE_PUB/deposit

Obtain information about a purse. Depending on the suffix, the long-polling (if any) will wait for either a merge or a deposit event.

Request:

Query Parameters:
  • timeout_ms=NUMBEROptional. If specified, the exchange will wait up to NUMBER milliseconds for completion of a merge operation before sending the HTTP response.

  • deposit_timeout_ms=NUMBEROptional. If specified, the exchange will wait up to NUMBER milliseconds for completion of a deposit operation before sending the HTTP response.

Response:

200 OK:

The operation succeeded, the exchange provides details about the purse. The response will include a PurseStatus object.

404 Not found:

The purse is unknown to the exchange.

410 Gone:

The purse expired before the deposit or merge was completed.

Details:

 interface PurseStatus {

  // Total amount deposited into the purse so far.
  // If 'total_deposit_amount' minus 'deposit_fees'
  // exceeds 'merge_value_after_fees', and a
  // 'merge_request' exists for the purse, then the
  // purse will (have been) merged with the account.
  balance: Amount;

  // Time of the merge, missing if "never".
  merge_timestamp?: Timestamp;

  // Time of the deposits being complete, missing if "never".
  // Note that this time may not be "stable": once sufficient
  // deposits have been made, is "now" before the purse
  // expiration, and otherwise set to the purse expiration.
  // However, this should also not be relied upon. The key
  // property is that it is either "never" or in the past.
  deposit_timestamp?: Timestamp;

  // Time when the purse expires and
  // funds that were not merged are refunded
  // on the deposited coins.
  // FIXME: Document the exchange protocol version
  //        in which this field became available.
  purse_expiration: Timestamp;

  // EdDSA signature of the exchange over a
  // TALER_PurseStatusResponseSignaturePS
  // with purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_PURSE_STATUS_RESPONSE
  // affirming the purse status.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // EdDSA public key exchange used for 'exchange_sig'.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

}
POST /purses/$PURSE_PUB/create

Create a purse by depositing money into it. First step of a PUSH payment.

Request:

The request body must be a PurseCreate object.

Response:

200 OK:

The operation succeeded, the exchange confirms that all coins were deposited into the purse. The response will include a PurseCreateSuccessResponse object.

403 Forbidden:

A coin, denomination or contract signature is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not Found:

The denomination of one of the coins is unknown to the exchange.

409 Conflict:

The deposit operation has either failed because a coin has insufficient residual value, or because the same public key of the coin has been previously used with a different denomination, or because a purse with the same public key but different meta data was created previously. Which case it is can be decided by looking at the error code (TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_GENERIC_INSUFFICIENT_FUNDS or TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_GENERIC_COIN_CONFLICTING_DENOMINATION_KEY or TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_PURSE_CREATE_CONFLICTING_META_DATA or TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_PURSE_DEPOSIT_CONFLICTING_META_DATA or TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_PURSE_ECONTRACT_CONFLICTING_META_DATA). The specific fields of the response depend on the error code and include the signatures (and what was signed over) proving the conflict.

425 Too Early:

This response type is used if the given purse expiration time is too far in the future (at least from the perspective of the exchange). Thus, retrying at a later time may succeed. The client should look at the Date: header of the response to see if a minor time difference is to blame and possibly adjust the request accordingly. (Note: this status code is not yet used.)

Details:

interface PurseCreate {

  // Total value of the purse, excluding fees.
  amount: Amount;

  // Minimum age required for all coins deposited into the purse.
  min_age: Integer;

  // Optional encrypted contract, in case the buyer is
  // proposing the contract and thus establishing the
  // purse with the payment.
  econtract?: EncryptedContract;

  // EdDSA public key used to approve merges of this purse.
  merge_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // EdDSA signature of the purse over a
  // TALER_PurseRequestSignaturePS
  // of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_PURSE_CREATE
  // confirming the key
  // invariants associated with the purse.
  // (amount, h_contract_terms, expiration).
  purse_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // SHA-512 hash of the contact of the purse.
  h_contract_terms: HashCode;

  // Array of coins being deposited into the purse.
  // Maximum length is 128.
  deposits: PurseDeposit[];

  // Indicative time by which the purse should expire
  // if it has not been merged into an account. At this
  // point, all of the deposits made will be auto-refunded.
  purse_expiration: Timestamp;

}
interface EncryptedContract {

  // Encrypted contract.
  econtract: string;

  // Signature over the (encrypted) contract.
  econtract_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Ephemeral public key for the DH operation to decrypt the encrypted contract.
  contract_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

}
 interface PurseCreateSuccessResponse {

  // Total amount deposited into the purse so far (without fees).
  total_deposited: Amount;

  // Time at the exchange.
  exchange_timestamp: Timestamp;

  // EdDSA signature of the exchange affirming the payment,
  // of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_PURSE_DEPOSIT_CONFIRMED
  // over a TALER_PurseDepositConfirmedSignaturePS.
  // Signs over the above and the purse public key and
  // the hash of the contract terms.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // public key used to create the signature.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

}
// Union discriminated by the "code" field.
type PurseConflict =
| DepositDoubleSpendError
| PurseCreateConflict
| PurseDepositConflict
| PurseContractConflict;
interface PurseCreateConflict {
  // Must be equal to TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_PURSE_CREATE_CONFLICTING_META_DATA
  code: Integer;

  // Total amount to be merged into the reserve.
  // (excludes fees).
  amount: Amount;

  // Minimum age required for all coins deposited into the purse.
  min_age: Integer;

  // Indicative time by which the purse should expire
  // if it has not been merged into an account. At this
  // point, all of the deposits made should be
  // auto-refunded.
  purse_expiration: Timestamp;

  // EdDSA signature of the purse over
  // TALER_PurseMergeSignaturePS of
  // purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_PURSE_MERGE
  // confirming that the
  // above details hold for this purse.
  purse_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // SHA-512 hash of the contact of the purse.
  h_contract_terms: HashCode;

  // EdDSA public key used to approve merges of this purse.
  merge_pub: EddsaPublicKey;
}
interface PurseDepositConflict {
  // Must be equal to TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_PURSE_DEPOSIT_CONFLICTING_META_DATA
  code: Integer;

  // Public key of the coin being deposited into the purse.
  coin_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Signature over TALER_PurseDepositSignaturePS
  // of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_PURSE_DEPOSIT
  // made by the customer with the
  // coin's private key.
  coin_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Target exchange URL for the purse. Not present for the
  // same exchange.
  partner_url?: string;

  // Amount to be contributed to the purse by this coin.
  amount: Amount;

}
interface PurseContractConflict {
  // Must be equal to TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_PURSE_ECONTRACT_CONFLICTING_META_DATA
  code: Integer;

  // Hash of the encrypted contract.
  h_econtract: HashCode;

  // Signature over the contract.
  econtract_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Ephemeral public key for the DH operation to decrypt the contract.
  contract_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

}
DELETE /purses/$PURSE_PUB

Delete a purse that is unmerged and not yet expired. Refunds any money that is already in the purse.

Request:

The request body must be empty, as recommended for HTTP delete in general. To authorize the request, the header must contain a Taler-Purse-Signature: $PURSE_SIG where $PURSE_SIG is the Crockford base32-encoded EdDSA signature of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_PURSE_DELETE.

Response:

204 No Content:

The operation succeeded, the exchange confirms that the purse was deleted.

403 Forbidden:

The signature is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not Found:

The purse is not known. Might have already been deleted previously.

409 Conflict:

It is too late to delete the purse, its fate (merge or expiration) was already decided.

POST /purses/$PURSE_PUB/merge

Merge purse with account, adding the value of the purse into the account. Endpoint to be used by the receiver of a PUSH payment.

Request:

The request body must be a MergeRequest object.

Response:

200 OK:

The operation succeeded, the exchange confirms that the funds were merged into the account. The response will include a MergeSuccess object.

402 Payment Required:

The purse is not yet full and more money needs to be deposited before the merge can be made.

403 Forbidden:

The signature of the merge request or the reserve was invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not found:

The merge operation failed as we could not find the purse or the partner exchange. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

409 Conflict:

The purse was already merged into a different reserve. The response will include a MergeConflict object.

410 Gone:

The purse has already expired and thus can no longer be merged. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

451 Unavailable For Legal Reasons:

This account has not yet passed the KYC checks. The client must pass KYC checks before proceeding with the merge. The response will be an LegitimizationNeededResponse object.

Details:

interface MergeRequest {

  // payto://-URI of the account the purse is to be merged into.
  // Must be of the form: 'payto://taler/$EXCHANGE_URL/$RESERVE_PUB'.
  payto_uri: string;

  // EdDSA signature of the account/reserve affirming the merge
  // over a TALER_AccountMergeSignaturePS.
  // Must be of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_ACCOUNT_MERGE
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // EdDSA signature of the merge private key affirming the merge
  // over a TALER_PurseMergeSignaturePS.
  // Must be of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_PURSE_MERGE.
  merge_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Client-side timestamp of when the merge request was made.
  merge_timestamp: Timestamp;

}
 interface MergeSuccess {

  // Amount merged (excluding deposit fees).
  merge_amount: Amount;

  // Time at which the merge came into effect.
  // Maximum of the "payment_timestamp" and the
  // "merge_timestamp".
  exchange_timestamp: Timestamp;

  // EdDSA signature of the exchange affirming the merge of
  // purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_PURSE_MERGE_SUCCESS
  // over TALER_PurseMergeSuccessSignaturePS.
  // Signs over the above and the account public key.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // public key used to create the signature.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

}
interface MergeConflict {

  // Client-side timestamp of when the merge request was made.
  merge_timestamp: Timestamp;

  // EdDSA signature of the purse private key affirming the merge
  // over a TALER_PurseMergeSignaturePS.
  // Must be of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_PURSE_MERGE.
  merge_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Base URL of the exchange receiving the payment, only present
  // if the exchange hosting the reserve is not this exchange.
  partner_url?: string;

  // Public key of the reserve that the purse was merged into.
  reserve_pub: EddsaPublicKey;
}
POST /reserves/$RESERVE_PUB/purse

Create purse for an account. First step of a PULL payment.

Request:

The request body must be a ReservePurseRequest object.

Response:

200 OK:

The operation succeeded, the exchange confirms that the purse was allocated. The response will include a PurseCreateSuccessResponse object.

402 Payment Required:

The account needs to contain more funding to create more purses. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

403 Forbidden:

Account or contract signature is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not found:

The purse creation operation failed as we could not find the reserve. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

409 Conflict:

The purse creation failed because a purse with the same public key but different meta data was created previously. Which specific conflict it is can be decided by looking at the error code (TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_PURSE_CREATE_CONFLICTING_META_DATA or TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_PURSE_DEPOSIT_CONFLICTING_META_DATA or TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_PURSE_ECONTRACT_CONFLICTING_META_DATA). The specific fields of the response depend on the error code and include the signatures (and what was signed over) proving the conflict. The response will be a PurseConflict response (but not a DepositDoubleSpendError).

451 Unavailable For Legal Reasons:

This account has not yet passed the KYC checks. The client must pass KYC checks before proceeding with the merge. The response will be an LegitimizationNeededResponse object.

Details:

interface ReservePurseRequest {

  // Minimum amount that must be credited to the reserve, that is
  // the total value of the purse minus the deposit fees.
  // If the deposit fees are lower, the contribution to the
  // reserve can be higher!
  purse_value: Amount;

  // Minimum age required for all coins deposited into the purse.
  min_age: Integer;

  // Purse fee the reserve owner is willing to pay
  // for the purse creation. Optional, if not present
  // the purse is to be created from the purse quota
  // of the reserve.
  purse_fee: Amount;

  // Optional encrypted contract, in case the buyer is
  // proposing the contract and thus establishing the
  // purse with the payment.
  econtract?: EncryptedContract;

  // EdDSA public key used to approve merges of this purse.
  merge_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // EdDSA signature of the purse private key affirming the merge
  // over a TALER_PurseMergeSignaturePS.
  // Must be of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_PURSE_MERGE.
  merge_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // EdDSA signature of the account/reserve affirming the merge.
  // Must be of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_ACCOUNT_MERGE
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Purse public key.
  purse_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // EdDSA signature of the purse over
  // TALER_PurseRequestSignaturePS of
  // purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_PURSE_REQUEST
  // confirming that the
  // above details hold for this purse.
  purse_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // SHA-512 hash of the contact of the purse.
  h_contract_terms: HashCode;

  // Client-side timestamp of when the merge request was made.
  merge_timestamp: Timestamp;

  // Indicative time by which the purse should expire
  // if it has not been paid.
  purse_expiration: Timestamp;

}
POST /purses/$PURSE_PUB/deposit

Deposit money into a purse. Used by the buyer for a PULL payment.

Request:

The request body must be a PurseDeposits object.

Response:

200 OK:

The operation succeeded, the exchange confirms that all coins were deposited into the purse. The response will include a PurseDepositSuccessResponse object.

403 Forbidden:

A coin or denomination signature is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not found:

The purse is unknown. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

409 Conflict:

The deposit operation has either failed because a coin has insufficient residual value, or because the same public key of the coin has been previously used with a different denomination. Which case it is can be decided by looking at the error code (TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_GENERIC_INSUFFICIENT_FUNDS or TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_GENERIC_COIN_CONFLICTING_DENOMINATION_KEY or TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_PURSE_DEPOSIT_CONFLICTING_META_DATA). This response comes with a standard PurseConflict response (alas some cases are impossible).

410 Gone:

The purse has expired.

Details:

interface PurseDeposits {

  // Array of coins to deposit into the purse.
  deposits: PurseDeposit[];
}
interface PurseDeposit {

  // Amount to be deposited, can be a fraction of the
  // coin's total value.
  amount: Amount;

  // Hash of denomination RSA key with which the coin is signed.
  denom_pub_hash: HashCode;

  // Exchange's unblinded RSA signature of the coin.
  ub_sig: DenominationSignature;

  // Age commitment for the coin, if the denomination is age-restricted.
  age_commitment?: AgeCommitment;

  // Attestation for the minimum age, if the denomination is age-restricted.
  attest?: Attestation;

  // Signature over TALER_PurseDepositSignaturePS
  // of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_PURSE_DEPOSIT
  // made by the customer with the
  // coin's private key.
  coin_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Public key of the coin being deposited into the purse.
  coin_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

}
 interface PurseDepositSuccessResponse {

  // Total amount paid into the purse.
  total_deposited: Amount;

  // Total amount expected in the purse.
  purse_value_after_fees: Amount;

  // Time at which the deposit came into effect.
  exchange_timestamp: Timestamp;

  // Indicative time by which the purse should expire
  // if it has not been merged into an account. At this
  // point, all of the deposits made will be auto-refunded.
  purse_expiration: Timestamp;

  // SHA-512 hash of the contact of the purse.
  h_contract_terms: HashCode;

  // EdDSA signature of the exchange affirming the payment,
  // of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_PURSE_DEPOSIT_CONFIRMED
  // over a TALER_PurseDepositConfirmedSignaturePS.
  // Signs over the above and the purse public key and
  // the hash of the contract terms.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // public key used to create the signature.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

}
// AgeCommitment is an array of public keys, one for each age group of the
// age-restricted denomination.
type AgeCommitment = Edx25519PublicKey[];
// An attestation for a minimum age is an Edx25519 signature of the age
// with purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_AGE_ATTESTATION.
type Attestation = string;

1.3.15. Wads

Note

This is a draft API that is not yet implemented.

These endpoints are used to manage exchange-to-exchange payments in support of wallet-to-wallet payments. Only another exchange should access this endpoint.

GET /wads/$WAD_ID

Obtain information about a wad.

Request:

Response:

200 OK:

The operation succeeded, the exchange provides details about the wad. The response will include a WadDetails object.

404 Not found:

The wad is unknown to the exchange.

Details:

interface WadDetails {

 // Total transfer amount claimed by the exchange.
 total: Amount;

 // Indicative time by which the wad was given to the
 // bank to execute the wire transfer.
 wad_execution_time: Timestamp;

 // Transfers aggregated in the wad.
 items: WadItem[];

 // EdDSA signature of the exchange affirming the wad
 // data is correct, must be over TALER_WadDataSignaturePS
 // and of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_WAD_DATA.
 exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

 // public key used to create the signature.
 exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;
}

Objects in the wad item list have the following format:

interface WadItem {

  // Amount in the purse.
  amount: Amount;

  // payto://-URI of the account the purse is to be merged into.
  // Must be of the form: 'payto://taler/EXCHANGE_URL/RESERVE_PUB'.
  payto_uri: string;

  // Purse public key.
  purse_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Hash of the contract.
  h_contract: HashCode;

  // Indicative time by which the purse should expire
  // if it has not been paid.
  purse_expiration: Timestamp;

  // Client-side timestamp of when the merge request was made.
  merge_timestamp: Timestamp;

  // Signature created with the reserve's private key.
  // Must be of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_ACCOUNT_MERGE
  // and over TALER_AccountMergeSignaturePS.
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Signature created with the purse's private key.
  // Must be of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_PURSE_MERGE
  // and over TALER_PurseMergeSignaturePS.
  purse_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Deposit fees that were charged to the purse.
  deposit_fees: Amount;

  // Wad fees that was charged to the purse.
  wad_fees: Amount;
}

1.3.16. KYC status updates

This section describes endpoints used to set up, complete and inquire about KYC operations performed by an exchange for regulatory compliance.

POST /kyc-wallet

The /wallet-kyc POST endpoint allows a wallet to notify an exchange if it will cross a balance threshold. Here, the balance specified should be the threshold (from the wallet_balance_limit_without_kyc array) that the wallet would cross, and not the exact balance of the wallet. The exchange will respond with a wire target UUID. The wallet can then use this UUID to being the KYC process at /kyc-check/. The wallet must only proceed to obtain funds exceeding the threshold after the KYC process has concluded. While wallets could be “hacked” to bypass this measure (we cannot cryptographically enforce this), such modifications are a terms of service violation which may have legal consequences for the user.

Setup KYC identification for a wallet. Returns the KYC UUID. This endpoint is used by compliant Taler wallets when they are about to hit the balance threshold and thus need to have the customer provide their personal details to the exchange. The wallet is identified by its long-lived reserve public key (which is used for P2P payments, not for withdrawals).

Request:

The request body must be a WalletKycRequest object.

Response:

204 No Content:

KYC is disabled at this exchange, or the balance is below the threshold that requires KYC, or this wallet already satisfied the KYC check for the given balance.

403 Forbidden:

The provided signature is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

451 Unavailable for Legal Reasons:

The wallet must undergo a KYC check. A KYC ID was created. The response will be a LegitimizationNeededResponse object (changed in protocol v20).

Details:

 interface WalletKycRequest {

  // Balance threshold (not necessarily exact balance)
  // to be crossed by the wallet that (may) trigger
  // additional KYC requirements.
  balance: Amount;

  // EdDSA signature of the wallet affirming the
  // request, must be of purpose
  // TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_ACCOUNT_SETUP
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // long-term wallet reserve-account
  // public key used to create the signature.
  reserve_pub: EddsaPublicKey;
}
GET /kyc-check/$REQUIREMENT_ROW

Checks the KYC status of a particular payment target and possibly begins a KYC process by allowing the customer to choose the next KYC measure to satisfy. This endpoint is typically used by wallets or merchants that have been told that a transaction is not happening because it triggered some KYC/AML measure and now want to check how the KYC/AML requirement could be fulfilled (or whether it already has been statisfied and the operation can now proceed). Long-polling may be used to instantly observe a change in the KYC requirement status.

The requirement row of the /kyc-check/ endpoint encodes the legitimization measure’s serial number. It is returned in LegitimizationNeededResponse responses via the requirement_row field.

Given a valid pair of requirement row and account owner signature, the /kyc-check/ endpoint returns either just the KYC status or redirects the client (202) to the next required stage of the KYC process. The redirection must be for an HTTP(S) endpoint to be triggered via a simple HTTP GET. It must always be the same endpoint for the same client, as the wallet/merchant backend are not required to check for changes to this endpoint. Clients that received a 202 status code may repeat the request and use long-polling to detect a change of the HTTP status.

This endpoint exists in this specific form only since protocol v20.

Request:

Account-Owner-Signature:

The client must provide Base-32 encoded EdDSA signature with $ACCOUNT_PRIV, affirming the desire to obtain KYC data. Note that this is merely a simple authentication mechanism, the details of the request are not protected by the signature. The $ACCOUNT_PRIV is either the (wallet long-term) reserve private key or the merchant instance private key.

Query Parameters:
  • timeout_ms=NUMBEROptional. If specified, the exchange will wait up to timeout_ms milliseconds if the requirement continues to be mandatory provisioning of KYC data by the client. Ignored if the HTTP status code is already 200 Ok. Note that clients cannot long-poll for AML staff actions, so status information about an account being under AML review needs to be requested periodically.

Response:

200 Ok:

No mandatory KYC actions are required by the client at this time. The client may still visit the KYC URL to initiate voluntary checks. The response will be an AccountKycStatus object which specifies restrictions that currently apply to the account. If the client attempts to exceed soft limits, the status may change to a 202 Accepted. Hard limits cannot be lifted by passing KYC checks.

202 Accepted:

The account holder performed an operation that would have crossed soft limits and must be redirected to the provided location to perform the required KYC checks to satisfy the legal requirements. Afterwards, the /kyc-check/ request should be repeated to check whether the user has completed the process. The response will be an AccountKycStatus object.

204 No content:

The exchange is not configured to perform KYC and thus the legal requirements are already satisfied.

403 Forbidden:

The provided signature is not acceptable for the requirement row. The (base32) encoding of the public key we expect signatures to be made with is returned in the detail field.

404 Not found:

The requirement row is unknown.

409 Conflict:

The bank account is not (yet) associated with a public key. The account owner must do a wire transfer to the exchange with the account public key in the wire transfer subject to enable authentication.

Details:

interface AccountKycStatus {

  // Current AML state for the target account.  True if
  // operations are not happening due to staff processing
  // paperwork *or* due to legal requirements (so the
  // client cannot do anything but wait).
  //
  // Note that not every AML staff action may be legally
  // exposed to the client, so this is merely a hint that
  // a client should be told that AML staff is currently
  // reviewing the account.  AML staff *may* review
  // accounts without this flag being set!
  aml_review: boolean;

  // Access token needed to construct the /kyc-spa/
  // URL that the user should open in a browser to
  // proceed with the KYC process (optional if the status
  // type is 200 Ok, mandatory if the HTTP status
  // is 202 Accepted).
  access_token: AccountAccessToken;

  // Array with limitations that currently apply to this
  // account and that may be increased or lifted if the
  // KYC check is passed.
  // Note that additional limits *may* exist and not be
  // communicated to the client. If such limits are
  // reached, this *may* be indicated by the account
  // going into aml_review state. However, it is
  // also possible that the exchange may legally have
  // to deny operations without being allowed to provide
  // any justification.
  // The limits should be used by the client to
  // possibly structure their operations (e.g. withdraw
  // what is possible below the limit, ask the user to
  // pass KYC checks or withdraw the rest after the time
  // limit is passed, warn the user to not withdraw too
  // much or even prevent the user from generating a
  // request that would cause it to exceed hard limits).
  limits?: AccountLimit[];

}
interface AccountLimit {

  // Operation that is limited.
  // Must be one of "WITHDRAW", "DEPOSIT", "P2P-RECEIVE"
  // or "WALLET-BALANCE".
  operation_type: string;

  // Timeframe during which the limit applies.
  timeframe: RelativeTime;

  // Maximum amount allowed during the given timeframe.
  // Zero if the operation is simply forbidden.
  threshold: Amount;

  // True if this is a soft limit that could be raised
  // by passing KYC checks.  Clients *may* deliberately
  // try to cross limits and trigger measures resulting
  // in 451 responses to begin KYC processes.
  // Clients that are aware of hard limits *should*
  // inform users about the hard limit and prevent flows
  // in the UI that would cause violations of hard limits.
  soft_limit: boolean;
}
GET /kyc-spa/$ACCESS_TOKEN
GET /kyc-spa/$FILENAME

A set of /kyc-spa/$ACCESS_TOKEN GET endpoints is created per account hash that serves the KYC SPA. This is where the /kyc-check/ endpoint will in principle redirect clients. The KYC SPA will use the $ACCESS_TOKEN of its URL to initialize itself via the /kyc-info/$ACCESS_TOKEN endpoint family. The KYC SPA may download additional resources via /kyc-spa/$FILENAME. The filenames must not match base32-encoded 256-bit values.

This endpoint was introduced in protocol v20.

GET /kyc-info/$ACCESS_TOKEN

The /kyc-info/$ACCESS_TOKEN endpoints are created per client account hash (but access controlled via a unique target token) to return information about the state of the KYC or AML process to the KYC SPA. The SPA uses this information to show the user an appropriate dialog. The SPA should also long-poll this endpoint for changes to the AML/KYC state. Note that this is a client-facing endpoint, so it will only provide a restricted amount of information to the customer (as some laws may forbid us to inform particular customers about their true status). The endpoint will typically inform the SPA about possible choices to proceed, such as directly uploading files, contacting AML staff, or proceeding with a particular KYC process at an external provider (such as Challenger). If the user chooses to initate a KYC process at an external provider, the SPA must request the respective process to be set-up by the exchange via the /kyc-start/ endpoint.

This endpoint was introduced in protocol v20.

Request:

If-None-Match:

The client MAY provide an If-None-Match header with an ETag.

Query Parameters:
  • timeout_ms=MILLISECONDSOptional. If specified, the exchange will wait up to MILLISECONDS for a change to a more recent legitimization measure before returning a 304 Not Modified status.

Response:

Etag: Will be set to the serial ID of the measure. Used for long-polling (only for 200 OK responses).

200 OK:

The body is a KycProcessClientInformation.

204 No Content:

There are no open KYC requirements or possible voluntary checks the client might perform.

304 Not Modified:

The KYC requirements did not change.

Details:

interface KycProcessClientInformation {

  // List of requirements.
  requirements?: { name : KycRequirementInformation};

  // True if the client is expected to eventually satisfy all requirements.
  // Default (if missing) is false.
  is_and_combinator?: boolean

  // List of available voluntary checks the client could pay for.
  // Since **vATTEST**.
  voluntary_checks?: { name : KycCheckPublicInformation};
}
interface KycRequirementInformation {

  // Which form should be used? Common values include "INFO"
  // (to just show the descriptions but allow no action),
  // "LINK" (to enable the user to obtain a link via
  // /kyc-start/) or any build-in form name supported
  // by the SPA.
  form: string;

  // English description of the requirement.
  description: string;

  // Map from IETF BCP 47 language tags to localized
  // description texts.
  description_i18n ?: { [lang_tag: string]: string };

  // ID of the requirement, useful to construct the
  // /kyc-upload/$ID or /kyc-start/$ID endpoint URLs.
  // Present if and only if "form" is not "INFO".  The
  // $ID value may itself contain / or ? and
  // basically encode any URL path (and optional arguments).
  id?: string;

}
// Since **vATTEST**.
interface KycCheckPublicInformation {

  // English description of the check.
  description: string;

  // Map from IETF BCP 47 language tags to localized
  // description texts.
  description_i18n ?: { [lang_tag: string]: string };

  // FIXME: is the above in any way sufficient
  // to begin the check? Do we not need at least
  // something more??!?
}
POST /kyc-upload/$ID

The /kyc-upload/$ID POST endpoint allows the SPA to upload client-provided evidence. The $ID will be provided as part of the /kyc-info body. This is for checks of type FORM. In practice, $ID will encode the $ACCESS_TOKEN, legitimization measure serial ID (to disambiguate) and the index of the selected measure (but these details should be irrelevant for the client).

This endpoint was introduced in protocol v20.

Request:

Basically oriented along the possible formats of a HTTP form being POSTed. Details will depend on the form. The server will try to decode the uploaded body from whatever format it is provided in.

Response:

204 No Content:

The information was successfully uploaded. The SPA should fetch an updated /kyc-info/.

404 Not Found:

The $ID is unknown to the exchange.

409 Conflict:

The upload conflicts with a previous upload.

413 Request Entity Too Large:

The body is too large.

POST /kyc-start/$ID

The /kyc-start/$ID POST endpoint allows the SPA to set up a new external KYC process. It will return the URL that the client must GET to begin the KYC process. The SPA should probably open this URL in a new window or tab. The $ID will be provided as part of the /kyc-info body. In practice, $ID will encode the $ACCESS_TOKEN, legitimization measure serial ID (to disambiguate) and the index of the selected measure (but these details should be irrelevant for the client).

Request:

Use empty JSON body for now.

Response:

200 Ok:

The KYC process was successfully initiated. The URL is in a KycProcessStartInformation object.

404 Not Found:

The $ID is unknown to the exchange.

Details:

interface KycProcessStartInformation {

  // URL to open.
  redirect_url: string;
}

Note

As this endpoint is involved in every KYC check at the beginning, this is also the place where we could integrate the payment process for the KYC fee in the future (since vATTEST).

GET /kyc-proof/$PROVIDER_NAME?state=$H_PAYTO

Upon completion of the process at the external KYC provider, the provider must redirect the client (browser) to trigger a GET request to a new /kyc-proof/$H_PAYTO/$PROVIDER_NAME endpoint. Once this endpoint is triggered, the exchange will pass the received arguments to the respective logic plugin. The logic plugin will then (asynchronously) update the KYC status of the user. The logic plugin should redirect the user to the KYC SPA. This endpoint deliberately does not use the $ACCESS_TOKEN as the external KYC provider should not learn that token.

This endpoint is thus accessed from the user’s browser at the end of a KYC process, possibly providing the exchange with additional credentials to obtain the results of the KYC process. Specifically, the URL arguments should provide information to the exchange that allows it to verify that the user has completed the KYC process. The details depend on the logic, which is selected by the “$PROVIDER_NAME”.

While this is a GET (and thus safe, and idempotent), the operation may actually trigger significant changes in the exchange’s state. In particular, it may update the KYC status of a particular payment target.

Request:

Details on the request depend on the specific KYC logic that was used.

If the KYC plugin logic is OAuth 2.0, the query parameters are:

Query Parameters:
  • code=CODE – OAuth 2.0 code argument.

  • state=STATE – OAuth 2.0 state argument with the H_PAYTO.

Note

Depending on the OAuth variant used, additional query parameters may need to be passed here.

Response:

Given that the response is returned to a user using a browser and not to a Taler wallet, the response format is in human-readable HTML and not in machine-readable JSON.

302 Found:

The KYC operation succeeded and the payment target is now authorized to transact. The browser is redirected to a human-readable page configured by the exchange operator.

401 Unauthorized:

The provided authorization token is invalid.

404 Not found:

The payment target is unknown.

502 Bad Gateway:

The exchange received an invalid reply from the legitimization service.

504 Gateway Timeout:

The exchange did not receive a reply from the legitimization service within a reasonable time period.

GET /kyc-webhook/$PROVIDER_NAME/*
POST /kyc-webhook/$PROVIDER_NAME/*
GET /kyc-webhook/$LOGIC/*
POST /kyc-webhook/$LOGIC/*

All of the above endpoints can be used to update KYC status of a particular payment target. They provide information to the KYC logic of the exchange that allows it to verify that the user has completed the KYC process. May be a GET or a POST request, depending on the specific “$LOGIC” and/or the “$PROVIDER_NAME”.

Request:

Details on the request depend on the specific KYC logic that was used.

Response:

204 No content:

The operation succeeded.

404 Not found:

The specified logic is unknown.

1.3.17. Reserve control

This section describes the reserve control API which can be used to (1) prevent a reserve from expiring, to (2) pay an annual fee to allow a number of purses to be created for the respective reserve without paying a purse fee each time, to (3) obtain KYC information associated with a reserve to prove the identity of the person sending an invoice to the payer, and to (4) close a reserve before it would naturally expire and possibly (5) wire the funds to a designated account.

Note

This section is about a proposed API. It is not implemented. See also DD 31.

POST /reserves/$RESERVE_PUB/open

Request keeping a reserve open for invoicing.

Request:

The request body must be a ReserveOpenRequest object.

Response:

200 OK:

The exchange responds with a ReserveOpenResponse object.

402 Payment Required:

The exchange responds with a ReserveOpenFailure object when the payment offered is insufficient for the requested operation.

403 Forbidden:

The TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_RESERVE_OPEN signature is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not found:

The reserve key does not belong to a reserve known to the exchange.

409 Conflict:

The balance of the reserve or of a coin was insufficient. Which case it is can be decided by looking at the error code (TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_GENERIC_INSUFFICIENT_FUNDS or TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_GENERIC_COIN_CONFLICTING_DENOMINATION_KEY or TALER_EC_EXCHANGE_OPEN_INSUFFICIENT_FUNDS). The specific fields of the response depend on the error code and include the signatures (and what was signed over) proving the conflict. The response is WithdrawError object or a DepositDoubleSpendError depending on the error type.

451 Unavailable For Legal Reasons:

This account has not yet passed the KYC checks. The client must pass KYC checks before the reserve can be opened. The response will be an LegitimizationNeededResponse object.

Details:

interface ReserveOpenRequest {
  // Signature of purpose
  // TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_RESERVE_OPEN over
  // a TALER_ReserveOpenPS.
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Array of payments made towards the cost of the
  // operation.
  payments: OpenPaymentDetail[];

  // Amount to be paid from the reserve for this
  // operation.
  reserve_payment: Amount;

  // Time when the client made the request.
  // Timestamp must be reasonably close to the time of
  // the exchange, otherwise the exchange may reject
  // the request (with a status code of 400).
  request_timestamp: Timestamp;

  // Desired new expiration time for the reserve.
  // If the reserve would expire before this time,
  // the exchange will charge account fees (and
  // possibly KYC fees) until the expiration time
  // exceeds this timestamp. Note that the exchange
  // will refuse requests (with a status code of 400)
  // if the time is so far in the future that the
  // fees are not yet known (see /keys).
  reserve_expiration: Timestamp;

  // Desired open purse limit. Can be used to pay the
  // annual account fee more than once to get a larger
  // purse limit.
  purse_limit: Integer;

}
interface ReserveOpenResponse {
  // Transaction cost for extending the expiration time.
  // Excludes KYC fees.
  open_cost: Amount;

  // Current expiration time for the reserve.
  reserve_expiration: Timestamp;
}
interface ReserveOpenFailure {
  // Transaction cost that should have been paid
  // to extending the reserve as requested.
  // Excludes KYC fees.
  open_cost: Amount;

  // Remaining expiration time for the reserve.
  reserve_expiration: Timestamp;
}
interface OpenPaymentDetail {

  // Contribution of this coin to the overall amount.
  // Can be a fraciton of the coin's total value.
  amount: Amount;

  // Hash of denomination RSA key with which the coin is signed.
  denom_pub_hash: HashCode;

  // Exchange's unblinded RSA signature of the coin.
  ub_sig: DenominationSignature;

  // Age commitment for the coin, if the denomination is age-restricted.
  age_commitment?: AgeCommitment;

  // Signature over TALER_ReserveOpenDepositSignaturePS
  // of purpose TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_RESERVE_OPEN_DEPOSIT
  // made by the customer with the
  // coin's private key.
  coin_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Public key of the coin being used to pay for
  // opening the reserve.
  coin_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

}
GET /reserves-attest/$RESERVE_PUB

Request list of available KYC attributes about the owner of a reserve. Used as a preliminary step to find out which subsets of attributes the exchange could provide signatures over.

Response:

200 OK:

The exchange responds with a ReserveKycAttributes object.

404 Not found:

The reserve key does not belong to a reserve known to the exchange.

409 Conflict:

The exchange does not have the requested KYC information.

Details:

interface ReserveKycAttributes {
  // Array of KYC attributes available.  The attribute names
  // listed are expected to be from the respective GANA
  // registry.
  details: string[];
}
POST /reserves-attest/$RESERVE_PUB

Request signed KYC information about the owner of a reserve. This can be used by a reserve owner to include a proof of their identity in invoices.

Request:

The request body must be a ReserveAttestRequest object.

Response:

200 OK:

The exchange responds with a ReserveAttestResponse object.

403 Forbidden:

The TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_KYC_DETAILS signature is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not found:

The reserve key does not belong to a reserve known to the exchange.

409 Conflict:

The exchange does not have the requested KYC information.

Details:

interface ReserveAttestRequest {
  // Signature of purpose
  // TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_ATTEST_DETAILS over
  // a TALER_WalletReserveAttestRequestSignaturePS.
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Client's time for the request.
  request_timestamp: Timestamp;

  // Array of KYC attributes requested.
  details: string[];
}
interface ReserveAttestResponse {
  // Signature of purpose
  // TALER_SIGNATURE_EXCHANGE_RESERVE_ATTEST_DETAILS over
  // a TALER_ExchangeAttestPS.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Exchange public key used to create the
  // signature.
  exchange_pub: EddsaPublicKey;

  // Time when the exchange created the signature.
  exchange_timestamp: Timestamp;

  // Expiration time for the provided information.
  expiration_time: Timestamp;

  // KYC details (key-value pairs) as requested.
  // The keys will match the elements of the
  // details array from the request.
  attributes: Object;
}
POST /reserves/$RESERVE_PUB/close

Force immediate closure of a reserve. Does not actually delete the reserve or the KYC data, but merely forces the reserve’s current balance to be wired back to the account where it originated from, or another account of the user’s choosing if they performed the required KYC check and designated another target account.

Request:

The request body must be a ReserveCloseRequest object.

Response:

200 OK:

The exchange responds with a ReserveCloseResponse object.

403 Forbidden:

The TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_RESERVE_CLOSE signature is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not found:

The reserve key does not belong to a reserve known to the exchange.

409 Conflict:

No target account was given, and the exchange does not know an origin account for this reserve.

451 Unavailable For Legal Reasons:

This account has not yet passed the KYC checks, hence wiring funds to a non-origin account is not allowed. The client must pass KYC checks before the reserve can be opened. The response will be an LegitimizationNeededResponse object.

Details:

interface ReserveCloseRequest {
  // Signature of purpose
  // TALER_SIGNATURE_WALLET_RESERVE_CLOSE over
  // a TALER_ReserveCloseRequestSignaturePS.
  reserve_sig: EddsaSignature;

  // Time when the client made the request.
  // Timestamp must be reasonably close to the time of
  // the exchange, otherwise the exchange may reject
  // the request (with a status code of 400).
  request_timestamp: Timestamp;

  // payto://-URI of the account the reserve balance is to be
  // wired to.  Must be of the form: 'payto://$METHOD' for a
  // wire method supported by this exchange (if the
  // method is not supported, this is a bad request (400)).
  // If not given, the reserve's origin account
  // will be used. If no origin account is known for the
  // reserve and not given, this is a conflict (409).
  payto_uri?: string;

}
interface ReserveCloseResponse {

  // Actual amount that will be wired (excludes closing fee).
  wire_amount: Amount;

}
DELETE /reserves/$RESERVE_PUB

Forcefully closes a reserve. The request header must contain an Account-Request-Signature. Note: this endpoint is not currently implemented!

Request:

Account-Request-Signature: The client must provide Base-32 encoded EdDSA signature made with $ACCOUNT_PRIV, affirming its authorization to delete the account. The purpose used MUST be TALER_SIGNATURE_RESERVE_CLOSE.

Query Parameters:
  • force=BOOLEANOptional. If set to ‘true’ specified, the exchange will delete the account even if there is a balance remaining.

Response:

200 OK:

The operation succeeded, the exchange provides details about the account deletion. The response will include a ReserveDeletedResponse object.

403 Forbidden:

The Account-Request-Signature is invalid. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

404 Not found:

The account is unknown to the exchange.

409 Conflict:

The account is still has digital cash in it, the associated wire method is void and the force option was not provided. This response comes with a standard ErrorDetail response.

Details:

 interface ReserveDeletedResponse {

  // Final balance of the account.
  closing_amount: Amount;

  // Current time of the exchange, used as part of
  // what the exchange signs over.
  close_time: Timestamp;

  // Hash of the wire account into which the remaining
  // balance will be transferred. Note: may be the
  // hash over ``payto://void/`, in which case the
  // balance is forfeit to the profit of the exchange.
  h_wire: HashCode;

  // This is a signature over a
  // struct TALER_AccountDeleteConfirmationPS with purpose
  // TALER_SIGNATURE_EXCHANGE_RESERVE_DELETED.
  exchange_sig: EddsaSignature;

}