12.44. DD 44: CI System

12.44.1. Summary

This documents describes Taler’s CI system based on Buildbot.

This document uses RFC 2119 keywords throughout.

12.44.2. Motivation

With the current CI system there are an array of issues:

  • Central place for all the jobs.

  • The central config is poorly organized.

  • We should prefer to keep as much CI logic in respective project source repos as possible.

  • Jobs should be split up further to allow for more granular control and insight.

  • Job triggers are unclear.

  • The build environments are mutable.

  • Non-trivial and error-prone to keep track of environment state.

  • Hard to get an overview of what repo is causing a failure, at a quick glance.

  • Bad for development workflow on a single project when you are getting false-negatives all the time.

12.44.3. Proposed Solution General

Jobs shall be executed inside of containers.

One build pipeline (aka. “builder”) per repo.

Build steps are generated from directory structure within a given repo.

Example directory structure:

└── ci
    ├── ci.sh
    ├── Containerfile
    └── jobs
        ├── 0-codespell
        │   ├── config.ini
        │   ├── dictionary.txt
        │   └── job.sh
        ├── 1-build
        │   ├── build.sh
        │   └── job.sh
        └── 2-docs
            ├── docs.sh
            └── job.sh

Job directories MUST follow this pattern: <repo_root>/contrib/ci/jobs/<n-job_name>/

n is an integer used for ordering the build steps.

Job directories MUST contain a script named job.sh which MAY execute other scripts.

Config files may optionally be created, and MUST be named config.ini and placed in the job directory.

Available config options:


Unless all jobs specify a “CONTAINER_NAME” in their custom config a container file MUST be present at <repo_root>/contrib/ci/Containerfile. The container file will be built and used to run all of a repo’s jobs by default.

All projects SHOULD have a build step and a test step, at a minimum. Running CI Locally

Running the CI scripts locally can be useful for development and testing.

Included in each CI directory is a script which simplifies running jobs in the same way the CI Worker does, in containers, using podman.

# Usage:
./contrib/ci/ci.sh <job-name>

# For example, if the CI jobs tree looks like this:
  ├── 0-codespell/
  ├── 1-build/
  ├── 2-test/
  ├── 3-docs/
  ├── 4-deb-package/
  └── 5-deploy-package/

# Then you can run job '0-codespell' as follows:
./contrib/ci/ci.sh 0-codespell

# If you are using podman and have "qemu-user-binfmt" installed
# then you may attempt to run any job under an alternative CPU
# architecture by providing a second argument.
# For example:
./contrib/ci/ci.sh 0-codespell arm64 Additional Builders

To run some tests there is a need for many or most project’s sourcecode to be available in the same environment. This will be a separate builder/pipeline from the per-repo builders. Triggers for this builder are yet to be determined.